<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en-US"><head><meta charset="UTF-8"><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML"><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2085297Normal { text-align: center; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2085297HG4 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2085297DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2085297HG4C { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2085297Normal-000000 { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2085297000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2085297B { margin-left: 1.38in; text-indent: -1.38in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } </style><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"><meta name="twitter:card" content="summary"><meta property="og:title" content="SD 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE"><meta property="og:description" content="SDLRC Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE"><meta property="og:type" content="website"><meta property="og:url" content="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19"><meta property="og:image" content="https://lawmakerdocuments.blob.core.usgovcloudapi.net/photos/logoshape.webp"><meta property="og:site_name" content="South Dakota Legislature"></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297HG4">CHAPTER </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19</span></a></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4C">SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-101" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-101</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Scope--Definitions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-102" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-102</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Purpose.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-103" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-103</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Rulings on evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-104" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-104</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Preliminary questions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-105" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-105</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Limiting evidence that is not admissible against other parties or for other purposes.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-106" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-106</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Remainder of or related writings or recorded statements.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE II. JUDICIAL NOTICE.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-201" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-201</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Judicial notice of adjudicative facts.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE III. PRESUMPTIONS.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-301" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-301</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Presumptions in civil cases.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-302" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-302</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Presumptions in criminal cases.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE IV. RELEVANCE AND ITS LIMITS.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-401" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-401</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Test for relevant evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-402" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-402</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Relevant evidence generally admissible--Irrelevant evidence inadmissible.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-403" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-403</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Excluding relevant evidence for prejudice, confusion, waste of time, or other reasons.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-404" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-404</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Character evidence--Crimes or other acts.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-405" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-405</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Methods of proving character.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-406" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-406</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Habit--Routine practice.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-407" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-407</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Subsequent remedial measures.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-408" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-408</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Compromise offers and negotiations.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-409" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-409</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Offers to pay medical and similar expenses.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-410" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-410</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Pleas, plea discussions, and related statements.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-411" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-411</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Liability insurance.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-411.1" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-411.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Statements and actions by health care providers not admissible to prove negligence in medical malpractice actions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-412" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-412</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Sex-offense cases--Victim's sexual behavior or predisposition.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE V. PRIVILEGES.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-501" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-501</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Privileges recognized only as provided.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-502" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-502</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Lawyer-client privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-503" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-503</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Physician and psychotherapist-patient privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-504" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-504</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Spousal privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-505" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-505</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Religious privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-506" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-506</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Vote at public election.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-507" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-507</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Trade secrets.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-508" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-508</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Confidential communications to public officer.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-508.1" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-508.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Student and counselor, psychologist, or social worker--Exceptions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-508.2" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-508.2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">College or university counselor and student--Exceptions--Qualifications of counselor.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-509" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-509</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Identity of informer.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-510" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-510</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Waiver of privilege by voluntary disclosure.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-511" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-511</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Privilege not waived by involuntary disclosure.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-512" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-512</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Comment upon or inference from claim of privilege--Instruction.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-513" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-513</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Motorist's refusal to submit to chemical test of intoxication admissible--Privilege against self-incrimination may not be claimed.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-514" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-514</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Sign language interpreter or relay service operator privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-515" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-515</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Mediation privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-516" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-516</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Communications concerning execution of inmate.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE VI. WITNESSES.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-601" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-601</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Competency to testify in general.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-602" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-602</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Need for personal knowledge--Exception for expert opinion.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-603" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-603</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Oath or affirmation to testify truthfully.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-603.1" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-603.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Form for oath of witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-603.2" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-603.2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Form for affirmation of witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-604" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-604</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Form for oath of interpreter.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-605" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-605</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Judge's competency as a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-606" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-606</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Juror's competency as a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-607" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-607</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Who may impeach a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-608" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-608</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">A witness's character for truthfulness or untruthfulness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-609" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-609</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Impeachment by evidence of a criminal conviction.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-610" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-610</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Religious beliefs or opinions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-611" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-611</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Mode and order of examining witnesses and presenting evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-611.1" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-611.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Address of witness--Release in open court restricted.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-612" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-612</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Writing used to refresh a witness's memory.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-613" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-613</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Witness's prior statement.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-614" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-614</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Court's calling or examining a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-615" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-615</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Excluding witnesses.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE VII. OPINIONS AND EXPERT TESTIMONY.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-701" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-701</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Opinion testimony by lay witnesses.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-702" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-702</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Testimony by expert.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-703" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-703</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Bases of opinion testimony by experts.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-704" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-704</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Opinion on an ultimate issue.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-705" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-705</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Disclosure of facts or data underlying expert opinion.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-706" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-706</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Court-appointed expert witnesses.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-707" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-707</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Experts called by parties.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE VIII. HEARSAY.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-801" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-801</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Definitions that apply to this article--Exclusions from hearsay.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-802" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-802</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Rule against hearsay.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-803" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-803</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Exceptions to the rule against hearsay--Regardless of whether the declarant is available as a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-803.1" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-803.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Physician's written report in lieu of deposition or in-court testimony admissible.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-803.2" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-803.2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Physician's written report--Affidavit--Notice--Objection.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-804" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-804</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Exceptions to rule against hearsay--When declarant unavailable as witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-805" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-805</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Hearsay within hearsay.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-806" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-806</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Attacking and supporting the declarant.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-806.1" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-806.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Statement by child under age thirteen or child with developmental disability regarding sex crime, physical abuse, or neglect.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-806.2" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-806.2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Statements alleging child abuse or neglect.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-807" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-807</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Residual exception.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE IX. AUTHENTICATION AND IDENTIFICATION.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-901" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-901</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Authenticating or identifying evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-902" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-902</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Evidence that is self-authenticating.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-903" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-903</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Subscribing witnesses.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE X. CONTENTS OF WRITINGS, RECORDINGS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1001" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1001</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Definitions that apply to this article.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1002" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1002</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Requirement of the original.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1003" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1003</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Admissibility of duplicates.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1004" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1004</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Admissibility of other evidence of content.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1005" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1005</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Copies of public records to prove content.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1006" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1006</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Summaries to prove content.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1007" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1007</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Testimony or statement of a party to prove content.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1008" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1008</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Functions of the court and jury.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1009" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1009</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">TDD and TTY communications inadmissible as evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal"><span class="s2085297HG4">ARTICLE XI. MISCELLANEOUS RULES.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1101" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1101</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Applicability of chapter.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085297B"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-1102" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1102</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085297DefaultParagraphFont">Title.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045415Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045415SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045415CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045415Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045415DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045415Normal-000002 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045415Normal-000003 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045415000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045415SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045415SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-101"><span class="s2045415SENU">19-19-101</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045415SENU">.</span><span class="s2045415CL">Scope--Definitions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal-000000"><span class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Scope.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> This chapter governs proceedings in the courts of this state to the extent and with the exceptions stated in </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1101"><span class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001">19-19-1101</span></a><span class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001">.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal-000002"><span class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Definitions.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> In these rules:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal-000003"><span class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)"Civil case" means a civil action or proceeding;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal-000003"><span class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)"Criminal case" includes a criminal proceeding;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal-000003"><span class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)"Public office" includes a public agency;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal-000003"><span class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(4)"Record" includes a memorandum, report, or data compilation;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal-000003"><span class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(5)A "rule prescribed by the Supreme Court" means a rule adopted by the Supreme Court under statutory authority; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal-000003"><span class="s2045415DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(6)A reference to any kind of written material or any other medium includes electronically stored information.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045415000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045415Normal"><span class="s2045415SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045415SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 101); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-9-1"><span class="s2045415SCL-000005">19-9-1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045415SCL-000005">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-17"><span class="s2045415SCL-000005">15-17</span></a><span class="s2045415SCL-000005">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045416Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045416SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045416CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045416Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045416DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045416000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045416SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045416SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045416Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-102"><span class="s2045416SENU">19-19-102</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045416SENU">.</span><span class="s2045416CL">Purpose.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045416Normal-000000"><span class="s2045416DefaultParagraphFont">This chapter should be construed so as to administer every proceeding fairly, eliminate unjustifiable expense and delay, and promote the development of evidence law, to the end of ascertaining the truth and securing a just determination.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045416Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045416000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045416Normal"><span class="s2045416SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045416SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 102); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-9-2"><span class="s2045416SCL-000002">19-9-2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045416SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-18"><span class="s2045416SCL-000002">15-18</span></a><span class="s2045416SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045417Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045417SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045417CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045417Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045417DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045417DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045417Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045417Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045417Normal-000004 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045417000005 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045417SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045417SCL-000006 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-103"><span class="s2045417SENU">19-19-103</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045417SENU">.</span><span class="s2045417CL">Rulings on evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal-000000"><span class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Preserving a claim of error.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> A party may claim error in a ruling to admit or exclude evidence only if the error affects a substantial right of the party and:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal-000002"><span class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)If the ruling admits evidence, a party, on the record:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal-000003"><span class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)Timely objects or moves to strike; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal-000003"><span class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)States the specific ground, unless it was apparent from the context; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal-000002"><span class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)If the ruling excludes evidence, a party informs the court of its substance by an offer of proof, unless the substance was apparent from the context.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal-000004"><span class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Not needing to renew an objection or offer of proof.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Once the court rules definitively on the record--either before or at trial--a party need not renew an objection or offer of proof to preserve a claim of error for appeal.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal-000004"><span class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Court's statement about the ruling; directing an offer of proof.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court may make any statement about the character or form of the evidence, the objection made, and the ruling. The court may direct that an offer of proof be made in question and answer form.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal-000004"><span class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont">(d) Preventing the jury from hearing inadmissible evidence.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> To the extent practicable, the court must conduct a jury trial so that inadmissible evidence is not suggested to the jury by any means.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal-000004"><span class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont">(e) Taking notice of plain error.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045417DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> A court may take notice of a plain error affecting a substantial right, even if the claim of error was not properly preserved.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045417000005"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045417Normal"><span class="s2045417SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045417SCL-000006"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 103); SL 2006, ch 341 (Supreme Court Rule 06-67); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-9-3"><span class="s2045417SCL-000006">19-9-3</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045417SCL-000006"> to 19-9-6; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-19"><span class="s2045417SCL-000006">15-19</span></a><span class="s2045417SCL-000006">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045418Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045418SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045418CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045418Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045418DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045418DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045418Normal-000002 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045418Normal-000003 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045418000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045418SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045418SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-104"><span class="s2045418SENU">19-19-104</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045418SENU">.</span><span class="s2045418CL">Preliminary questions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal-000000"><span class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont">(a) In general.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court must decide any preliminary question about whether a witness is qualified, a privilege exists, or evidence is admissible. In so deciding, the court is not bound by evidence rules, except those on privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal-000002"><span class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Relevance that depends on a fact.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> When the relevance of evidence depends on whether a fact exists, proof must be introduced sufficient to support a finding that the fact does exist. The court may admit the proposed evidence on the condition that the proof be introduced later.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal-000002"><span class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Conducting a hearing so that the jury cannot hear it.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court must conduct any hearing on a preliminary question so that the jury cannot hear it if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal-000003"><span class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)The hearing involves the admissibility of a confession;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal-000003"><span class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)A defendant in a criminal case is a witness and so requests; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal-000003"><span class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)Justice so requires.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal-000002"><span class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont">(d) Cross-examining a defendant in a criminal case.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> By testifying on a preliminary question, a defendant in a criminal case does not become subject to cross-examination on other issues in the case.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal-000002"><span class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont">(e) Evidence relevant to weight and credibility.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045418DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> This section does not limit a party's right to introduce before the jury evidence that is relevant to the weight or credibility of other evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045418000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045418Normal"><span class="s2045418SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045418SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 104); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-9-7"><span class="s2045418SCL-000005">19-9-7</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045418SCL-000005"> to 19-9-11; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-20"><span class="s2045418SCL-000005">15-20</span></a><span class="s2045418SCL-000005">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045419Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045419SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045419CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045419Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045419DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045419000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045419SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045419SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045419Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-105"><span class="s2045419SENU">19-19-105</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045419SENU">.</span><span class="s2045419CL">Limiting evidence that is not admissible against other parties or for other purposes.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045419Normal-000000"><span class="s2045419DefaultParagraphFont">If the court admits evidence that is admissible against a party or for a purpose--but not against another party or for another purpose--the court, on timely request, must restrict the evidence to its proper scope and instruct the jury accordingly.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045419Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045419000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045419Normal"><span class="s2045419SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045419SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 105); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-9-12"><span class="s2045419SCL-000002">19-9-12</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045419SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-21"><span class="s2045419SCL-000002">15-21</span></a><span class="s2045419SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045420Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045420SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045420CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045420Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045420DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045420000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045420SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045420SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045420Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-106"><span class="s2045420SENU">19-19-106</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045420SENU">.</span><span class="s2045420CL">Remainder of or related writings or recorded statements.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045420Normal-000000"><span class="s2045420DefaultParagraphFont">If a party introduces all or part of a writing or recorded statement, an adverse party may require the introduction, at that time, of any other part--or any other writing or recorded statement--that in fairness ought to be considered at the same time.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045420Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045420000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045420Normal"><span class="s2045420SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045420SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 106); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-9-13"><span class="s2045420SCL-000002">19-9-13</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045420SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-22"><span class="s2045420SCL-000002">15-22</span></a><span class="s2045420SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045421Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045421SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045421CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045421Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045421DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045421Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045421Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045421000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045421SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045421SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-201"><span class="s2045421SENU">19-19-201</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045421SENU">.</span><span class="s2045421CL">Judicial notice of adjudicative facts.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal-000000"><span class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Scope.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> This section governs judicial notice of an adjudicative fact only, not a legislative fact.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal-000002"><span class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Kinds of facts that may be judicially noticed.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court may judicially notice a fact that is not subject to reasonable dispute because it:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal-000003"><span class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Is generally known within the trial court's territorial jurisdiction; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal-000003"><span class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Can be accurately and readily determined from sources whose accuracy cannot reasonably be questioned.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal-000002"><span class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Taking notice.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal-000003"><span class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)May take judicial notice on its own; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal-000003"><span class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Must take judicial notice if a party requests it and the court is supplied with the necessary information.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal-000002"><span class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont">(d) Timing.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court may take judicial notice at any stage of the proceeding.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal-000002"><span class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont">(e) Opportunity to be heard.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> On timely request, a party is entitled to be heard on the propriety of taking judicial notice and the nature of the fact to be noticed. If the court takes judicial notice before notifying a party, the party, on request, is still entitled to be heard.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal-000002"><span class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont">(f) Instructing the jury.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045421DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> In a civil case, the court must instruct the jury to accept the noticed fact as conclusive. In a criminal case, the court must instruct the jury that it may or may not accept the noticed fact as conclusive.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045421000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045421Normal"><span class="s2045421SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045421SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 201); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-10-1"><span class="s2045421SCL-000005">19-10-1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045421SCL-000005"> to 19-10-7; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-23"><span class="s2045421SCL-000005">15-23</span></a><span class="s2045421SCL-000005">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045422Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045422SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045422CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045422Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045422DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045422000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045422SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045422SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045422Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-301"><span class="s2045422SENU">19-19-301</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045422SENU">.</span><span class="s2045422CL">Presumptions in civil cases.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045422Normal-000000"><span class="s2045422DefaultParagraphFont">In all civil actions and proceedings, unless otherwise provided for by statute or by this chapter, a presumption imposes on the party against whom it is directed the burden of going forward with evidence to rebut or meet the presumption, but does not shift to such party the burden of proof in the sense of the risk of nonpersuasion, which remains throughout the trial upon the party on whom it was originally cast. When substantial, credible evidence has been introduced to rebut the presumption, it shall disappear from the action or proceeding, and the jury shall not be instructed thereon.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045422Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045422000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045422Normal"><span class="s2045422SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045422SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 301); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-11-1"><span class="s2045422SCL-000002">19-11-1</span></a><span class="s2045422SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045423Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045423SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045423CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045423Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045423DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045423DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045423Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045423000003 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045423SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045423SCL-000004 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045423Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-302"><span class="s2045423SENU">19-19-302</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045423SENU">.</span><span class="s2045423CL">Presumptions in criminal cases.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045423Normal-000000"><span class="s2045423DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Scope.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045423DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Except as otherwise provided by statute, in criminal cases, presumptions against an accused, recognized at common law or created by statute, including statutory provisions that certain facts are prima facie evidence of other facts or of guilt, are governed by this section.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045423Normal-000002"><span class="s2045423DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Submission to jury.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045423DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court is not authorized to direct the jury to find a presumed fact against the accused. If a presumed fact establishes guilt or is an element of the offense or negatives a defense, the court may submit the question of guilt or of the existence of the presumed fact to the jury, but only if a reasonable juror on the evidence as a whole, including the evidence of the basic facts, could find guilt or the presumed fact beyond a reasonable doubt. If the presumed fact has a lesser effect, the question of its existence may be submitted to the jury provided the basic facts are supported by substantial evidence or are otherwise established, unless the court determines that a reasonable juror on the evidence as a whole could not find the existence of the presumed fact.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045423Normal-000002"><span class="s2045423DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Instructing the jury.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045423DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Whenever the existence of a presumed fact against the accused is submitted to the jury, the court shall instruct the jury that it may regard the basic facts as sufficient evidence of the presumed fact but is not required to do so. In addition, if the presumed fact establishes guilt or is an element of the offense or negatives a defense, the court shall instruct the jury that its existence, on all the evidence, must be proved beyond a reasonable doubt.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045423Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045423DefaultParagraphFont-000001"></span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045423Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045423000003"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045423Normal"><span class="s2045423SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045423SCL-000004"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 302); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-11-2"><span class="s2045423SCL-000004">19-11-2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045423SCL-000004"> to 19-11-4.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045424Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045424SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045424CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045424Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045424DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045424Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045424000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045424SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045424SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045424Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-401"><span class="s2045424SENU">19-19-401</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045424SENU">.</span><span class="s2045424CL">Test for relevant evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045424Normal-000000"><span class="s2045424DefaultParagraphFont">Evidence is relevant if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045424Normal-000001"><span class="s2045424DefaultParagraphFont">(a)It has any tendency to make a fact more or less probable than it would be without the evidence; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045424Normal-000001"><span class="s2045424DefaultParagraphFont">(b)The fact is of consequence in determining the action.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045424Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045424000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045424Normal"><span class="s2045424SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045424SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 401); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-1"><span class="s2045424SCL-000003">19-12-1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045424SCL-000003">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-24"><span class="s2045424SCL-000003">15-24</span></a><span class="s2045424SCL-000003">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045425Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045425SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045425CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045425Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045425DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045425000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045425SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045425SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045425Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-402"><span class="s2045425SENU">19-19-402</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045425SENU">.</span><span class="s2045425CL">Relevant evidence generally admissible--Irrelevant evidence inadmissible.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045425Normal-000000"><span class="s2045425DefaultParagraphFont">All relevant evidence is admissible, except as otherwise provided by constitution or statute or by this chapter or other rules promulgated by the Supreme Court of this state. Evidence which is not relevant is not admissible.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045425Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045425000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045425Normal"><span class="s2045425SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045425SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 402); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-2"><span class="s2045425SCL-000002">19-12-2</span></a><span class="s2045425SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045426Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045426SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045426CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045426Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045426DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045426000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045426SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045426SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045426Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-403"><span class="s2045426SENU">19-19-403</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045426SENU">.</span><span class="s2045426CL">Excluding relevant evidence for prejudice, confusion, waste of time, or other reasons.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045426Normal-000000"><span class="s2045426DefaultParagraphFont">The court may exclude relevant evidence if its probative value is substantially outweighed by a danger of one or more of the following: unfair prejudice, confusing the issues, misleading the jury, undue delay, wasting time, or needlessly presenting cumulative evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045426Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045426000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045426Normal"><span class="s2045426SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045426SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 403); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-3"><span class="s2045426SCL-000002">19-12-3</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045426SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-25"><span class="s2045426SCL-000002">15-25</span></a><span class="s2045426SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en-US"><head><meta charset="UTF-8"><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML"><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2085317Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2085317SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2085317CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2085317Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2085317DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2085317Normal-000001 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2085317Normal-000003 { margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2085317Normal-000004 { margin-left: 1.58in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2085317Normal-000005 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2085317000006 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2085317SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2085317SCL-000007 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"><meta name="twitter:card" content="summary"><meta property="og:title" content="SD 19-19-404 - Character evidence--Crimes or other acts."><meta property="og:description" content="SDLRC Codified Law 19-19-404 - Character evidence--Crimes or other acts."><meta property="og:type" content="website"><meta property="og:url" content="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-404"><meta property="og:image" content="https://lawmakerdocuments.blob.core.usgovcloudapi.net/photos/logoshape.webp"><meta property="og:site_name" content="South Dakota Legislature"></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-404" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085317SENU">19-19-404</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085317SENU">.</span><span class="s2085317CL">Character evidence--Crimes or other acts.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000000"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Character evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000001"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(1)Prohibited uses. Evidence of a person's character or character trait is not admissible to prove that on a particular occasion the person acted in accordance with the character or trait.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000001"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(2)Exceptions for a defendant or victim in a criminal case. The following exceptions apply in a criminal case:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000003"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(A)A defendant may offer evidence of the defendant's pertinent trait, and if the evidence is admitted, the prosecutor may offer evidence to rebut it;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000003"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(B)Subject to the limitations in </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-412" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">19-19-412</span></a><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">, a defendant may offer evidence of an alleged victim's pertinent trait, and if the evidence is admitted, the prosecutor may:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000004"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(i)Offer evidence to rebut it; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000004"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(ii)Offer evidence of the defendant's same trait; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000003"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(C)In a homicide case, the prosecutor may offer evidence of the alleged victim's trait of peacefulness to rebut evidence that the victim was the first aggressor.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000001"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(3)Exceptions for a witness. Evidence of a witness's character may be admitted under </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-607" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">19-19-607</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002"> to </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-609" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">19-19-609</span></a><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">, inclusive.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000005"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Other crimes, wrongs, or acts.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000001"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(1)Prohibited uses. Evidence of any other crime, wrong, or act is not admissible to prove a person's character in order to show that on a particular occasion the person acted in accordance with the character.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000001"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(2)Permitted uses. This evidence may be admissible for another purpose, such as proving motive, opportunity, intent, preparation, plan, knowledge, identity, absence of mistake, or lack of accident. </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000001"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(3)Notice in a criminal case. In a criminal case, the prosecutor must:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000003"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(A)Provide reasonable notice of any such evidence that the prosecutor intends to offer at trial, so that the defendant has a fair opportunity to meet it;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000003"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(B)Articulate in the notice the permitted purpose for which the prosecutor intends to offer the evidence and the reasoning that supports the purpose; and </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal-000003"><span class="s2085317DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(C) Do so in writing before trial--or in any form during trial if the court, for good cause, excuses lack of pretrial notice.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085317000006"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085317Normal"><span class="s2085317SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085317SCL-000007"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 404); SDCL 19-12-4, 19-12-5; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-26), eff. Jan. 1, 2016; SL 2022, ch 251 (Supreme Court Rule 21-10), eff. Jan. 1. 2022.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045428Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045428SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045428CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045428Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045428DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045428DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045428Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045428000003 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045428SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045428SCL-000004 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045428Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-405"><span class="s2045428SENU">19-19-405</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045428SENU">.</span><span class="s2045428CL">Methods of proving character.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045428Normal-000000"><span class="s2045428DefaultParagraphFont">(a) By reputation or opinion.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045428DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> When evidence of a person's character or character trait is admissible, it may be proved by testimony about the person's reputation or by testimony in the form of an opinion. On cross-examination of the character witness, the court may allow an inquiry into relevant specific instances of the person's conduct.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045428Normal-000002"><span class="s2045428DefaultParagraphFont">(b) By specific instances of conduct</span><span class="s2045428DefaultParagraphFont-000001">. When a person's character or character trait is an essential element of a charge, claim, or defense, the character or trait may also be proved by relevant specific instances of the person's conduct.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045428Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045428000003"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045428Normal"><span class="s2045428SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045428SCL-000004"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 405); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-6"><span class="s2045428SCL-000004">19-12-6</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045428SCL-000004">, 19-12-7; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-27"><span class="s2045428SCL-000004">15-27</span></a><span class="s2045428SCL-000004">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045429Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045429SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045429CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045429Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045429DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045429000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045429SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045429SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045429Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-406"><span class="s2045429SENU">19-19-406</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045429SENU">.</span><span class="s2045429CL">Habit--Routine practice.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045429Normal-000000"><span class="s2045429DefaultParagraphFont">Evidence of a person's habit or an organization's routine practice may be admitted to prove that on a particular occasion the person or organization acted in accordance with the habit or routine practice. The court may admit this evidence regardless of whether it is corroborated or whether there was an eyewitness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045429Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045429000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045429Normal"><span class="s2045429SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045429SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 406); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-8"><span class="s2045429SCL-000002">19-12-8</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045429SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-28"><span class="s2045429SCL-000002">15-28</span></a><span class="s2045429SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045430Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045430SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045430CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045430Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045430DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045430Normal-000001 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045430Normal-000002 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045430000003 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045430SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045430SCL-000004 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045430Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-407"><span class="s2045430SENU">19-19-407</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045430SENU">.</span><span class="s2045430CL">Subsequent remedial measures.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045430Normal-000000"><span class="s2045430DefaultParagraphFont">When measures are taken that would have made an earlier injury or harm less likely to occur, evidence of the subsequent measures is not admissible to prove:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045430Normal-000001"><span class="s2045430DefaultParagraphFont">(1)Negligence;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045430Normal-000001"><span class="s2045430DefaultParagraphFont">(2)Culpable conduct;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045430Normal-000001"><span class="s2045430DefaultParagraphFont">(3)A defect in a product or its design; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045430Normal-000001"><span class="s2045430DefaultParagraphFont">(4)A need for a warning or instruction.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045430Normal-000002"><span class="s2045430DefaultParagraphFont">But the court may admit this evidence for another purpose, such as impeachment or--if disputed--proving ownership, control, or the feasibility of precautionary measures.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045430Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045430000003"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045430Normal"><span class="s2045430SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045430SCL-000004"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 407); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-9"><span class="s2045430SCL-000004">19-12-9</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045430SCL-000004">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-29"><span class="s2045430SCL-000004">15-29</span></a><span class="s2045430SCL-000004">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045431Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045431SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045431CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045431Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045431DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045431DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045431Normal-000002 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045431Normal-000003 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045431000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045431SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045431SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045431Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-408"><span class="s2045431SENU">19-19-408</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045431SENU">.</span><span class="s2045431CL">Compromise offers and negotiations.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045431Normal-000000"><span class="s2045431DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Prohibited uses.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045431DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Evidence of the following is not admissible--on behalf of any party--either to prove or disprove the validity or amount of a disputed claim or to impeach by a prior inconsistent statement or a contradiction:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045431Normal-000002"><span class="s2045431DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Furnishing, promising, or offering--or accepting, promising to accept, or offering to accept--a valuable consideration in compromising or attempting to compromise the claim; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045431Normal-000002"><span class="s2045431DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Conduct or a statement made during compromise negotiations about the claim--except when offered in a criminal case and when the negotiations related to a claim by a public office in the exercise of its regulatory, investigative, or enforcement authority.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045431Normal-000003"><span class="s2045431DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Exceptions.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045431DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court may admit this evidence for another purpose, such as proving a witness's bias or prejudice, negating a contention of undue delay, or proving an effort to obstruct a criminal investigation or prosecution.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045431Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045431000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045431Normal"><span class="s2045431SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045431SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 408); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-10"><span class="s2045431SCL-000005">19-12-10</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045431SCL-000005">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-30"><span class="s2045431SCL-000005">15-30</span></a><span class="s2045431SCL-000005">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045432Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045432SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045432CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045432Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045432DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045432000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045432SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045432SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045432Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-409"><span class="s2045432SENU">19-19-409</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045432SENU">.</span><span class="s2045432CL">Offers to pay medical and similar expenses.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045432Normal-000000"><span class="s2045432DefaultParagraphFont">Evidence of furnishing, promising to pay, or offering to pay medical, hospital, or similar expenses resulting from an injury is not admissible to prove liability for the injury.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045432Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045432000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045432Normal"><span class="s2045432SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045432SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 409); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-11"><span class="s2045432SCL-000002">19-12-11</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045432SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-31"><span class="s2045432SCL-000002">15-31</span></a><span class="s2045432SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045433Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045433SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045433CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045433Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045433DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045433Normal-000002 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045433Normal-000003 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045433000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045433SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045433SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045433Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-410"><span class="s2045433SENU">19-19-410</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045433SENU">.</span><span class="s2045433CL">Pleas, plea discussions, and related statements.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045433Normal-000000"><span class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Prohibited uses.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> In a civil or criminal case, evidence of the following is not admissible against the defendant who made the plea or participated in the plea discussions:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045433Normal-000002"><span class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)A guilty plea that was later withdrawn;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045433Normal-000002"><span class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)A nolo contendere plea;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045433Normal-000002"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)A statement made during a proceeding on either of those pleas under </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=23A-7-2"><span class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001">23A-7-2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> to </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=23A-7-15"><span class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001">23A-7-15</span></a><span class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001">, inclusive; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045433Normal-000002"><span class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(4)A statement made during plea discussions with an attorney for the prosecuting authority if the discussions did not result in a guilty plea or they resulted in a later-withdrawn guilty plea.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045433Normal-000003"><span class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Exceptions.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045433DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court may admit a statement described in this section in a criminal proceeding for perjury or false statement, if the defendant made the statement under oath, on the record, and with counsel present.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045433Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045433000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045433Normal"><span class="s2045433SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045433SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 410); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-12"><span class="s2045433SCL-000005">19-12-12</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045433SCL-000005">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-32"><span class="s2045433SCL-000005">15-32</span></a><span class="s2045433SCL-000005">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045434Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045434SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045434CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045434Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045434DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045434000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045434SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045434SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045434Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-411"><span class="s2045434SENU">19-19-411</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045434SENU">.</span><span class="s2045434CL">Liability insurance.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045434Normal-000000"><span class="s2045434DefaultParagraphFont">Evidence that a person was or was not insured against liability is not admissible to prove whether the person acted negligently or otherwise wrongfully. But the court may admit this evidence for another purpose, such as proving a witness's bias or prejudice or proving agency, ownership, or control.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045434Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045434000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045434Normal"><span class="s2045434SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045434SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 411); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-13"><span class="s2045434SCL-000002">19-12-13</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045434SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-33"><span class="s2045434SCL-000002">15-33</span></a><span class="s2045434SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045435Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045435SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045435CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045435Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045435DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045435000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045435SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045435SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045435Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-411.1"><span class="s2045435SENU">19-19-411.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045435SENU">.</span><span class="s2045435CL">Statements and actions by health care providers not admissible to prove negligence in medical malpractice actions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045435Normal-000000"><span class="s2045435DefaultParagraphFont">No statement made by a health care provider apologizing for an adverse outcome in medical treatment, no offer to undertake corrective or remedial treatment or action, and no gratuitous act to assist affected persons is admissible to prove negligence by the health care provider in any action for damages for personal injury or death alleging malpractice against any health care provider. Nothing in this section prevents the admission, for the purpose of impeachment, of any statement constituting an admission against interest by the health care provider making such statement.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045435Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045435000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045435Normal"><span class="s2045435SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045435SCL-000002"> SL 2005, ch 117, 1; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-14"><span class="s2045435SCL-000002">19-12-14</span></a><span class="s2045435SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045436Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045436SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045436CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045436Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045436DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045436Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045436Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045436Normal-000004 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045436000005 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045436SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045436SCL-000006 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-412"><span class="s2045436SENU">19-19-412</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045436SENU">.</span><span class="s2045436CL">Sex-offense cases--Victim's sexual behavior or predisposition.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000000"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Prohibited uses.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The following evidence is not admissible in a civil or criminal proceeding involving alleged sexual misconduct:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000002"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Evidence offered to prove that a victim engaged in other sexual behavior; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000002"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Evidence offered to prove a victim's sexual predisposition.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000003"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Exceptions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000002"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Criminal cases. The court may admit the following evidence in a criminal case:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000004"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)Evidence of specific instances of a victim's sexual behavior, if offered to prove that someone other than the defendant was the source of semen, injury, or other physical evidence;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000004"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)Evidence of specific instances of a victim's sexual behavior with respect to the person accused of the sexual misconduct, if offered by the defendant to prove consent or if offered by the prosecutor; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000004"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(C)Evidence whose exclusion would violate the defendant's constitutional rights.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000002"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Civil cases. In a civil case, the court may admit evidence offered to prove a victim's sexual behavior or sexual predisposition if its probative value substantially outweighs the danger of harm to any victim and of unfair prejudice to any party. The court may admit evidence of a victim's reputation only if the victim has placed it in controversy.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000003"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Procedure to determine admissibility.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000002"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Motion. If a party intends to offer evidence under this section, the party must:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000004"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)File a motion that specifically describes the evidence and states the purpose for which it is to be offered;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000004"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)Do so at least 14 days before trial unless the court, for good cause, sets a different time;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000004"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(C)Serve the motion on all parties; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000004"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(D)Notify the victim or, when appropriate, the victim's guardian or representative.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000002"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Hearing. Before admitting evidence under this rule, the court must conduct an in camera hearing and give the victim and parties a right to attend and be heard. Unless the court orders otherwise, the motion, related materials, and the record of the hearing must be and remain sealed.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal-000003"><span class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont">(d) Definition of "victim."</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045436DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> In this section, "victim" includes an alleged victim.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045436000005"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045436Normal"><span class="s2045436SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045436SCL-000006"> SL 2011, ch 237 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=10-13"><span class="s2045436SCL-000006">10-13</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045436SCL-000006">), eff. July 1, 2012; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-12-15"><span class="s2045436SCL-000006">19-12-15</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045436SCL-000006">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-34"><span class="s2045436SCL-000006">15-34</span></a><span class="s2045436SCL-000006">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045437Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045437SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045437CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045437Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045437DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045437Normal-000001 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045437000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045437SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045437SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045437Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-501"><span class="s2045437SENU">19-19-501</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045437SENU">.</span><span class="s2045437CL">Privileges recognized only as provided.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045437Normal-000000"><span class="s2045437DefaultParagraphFont">Except as otherwise provided by constitution or statute or by this chapter or other rules promulgated by the Supreme Court of this state, no person has a privilege to:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045437Normal-000001"><span class="s2045437DefaultParagraphFont">(1)Refuse to be a witness;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045437Normal-000001"><span class="s2045437DefaultParagraphFont">(2)Refuse to disclose any matter;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045437Normal-000001"><span class="s2045437DefaultParagraphFont">(3)Refuse to produce any object or writing; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045437Normal-000001"><span class="s2045437DefaultParagraphFont">(4)Prevent another from being a witness or disclosing any matter or producing any object or writing.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045437Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045437000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045437Normal"><span class="s2045437SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045437SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 501); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-1"><span class="s2045437SCL-000003">19-13-1</span></a><span class="s2045437SCL-000003">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2081214Normal { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2081214SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2081214CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2081214DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2081214StatuteNumber1 { margin-left: 0.75in; text-indent: -0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2081214000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2081214SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214Normal"><span class="s2081214SENU">19-19-502.</span><span class="s2081214CL">Lawyer-client privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214Normal"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Definitions.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000"> As used in this section:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(1)A "client" is a person, a fiduciary of a trust or estate, public officer, or corporation, limited liability company, association, or other organization or entity, either public or private, who is rendered professional legal services by a lawyer, or who consults a lawyer with a view to obtaining professional legal services from him;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(2)A representative of the client is one having authority to obtain professional legal services, or to act on advice rendered pursuant thereto, on behalf of the client;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(3)A "lawyer" is a person authorized, or reasonably believed by the client to be authorized, to engage in the practice of law in any state or nation;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(4)A "representative of the lawyer" is one employed by the lawyer to assist the lawyer in the rendition of professional legal services;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(5)A communication is "confidential" if not intended to be disclosed to third persons other than those to whom disclosure is made in furtherance of the rendition of professional legal services to the client or those reasonably necessary for the transmission of the communication.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(b) </span><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont">General rule of privilege.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000"> A client has a privilege to refuse to disclose and to prevent any other person from disclosing confidential communications made for the purpose of facilitating the rendition of professional legal services to the client:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(1)Between himself or his representative and his lawyer or his lawyer's representative;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(2)Between his lawyer and the lawyer's representative;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(3)By him or his representative or his lawyer or a representative of the lawyer to a lawyer or a representative of a lawyer representing another party in a pending action and concerning a matter of common interest therein;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(4)Between representatives of the client or between the client and a representative of the client; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(5)Among lawyers and their representatives representing the same client.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(c) </span><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont">Who may claim privilege.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000"> The privilege may be claimed by the client, his guardian or conservator, the personal representative of a deceased client, or the successor, trustee, or similar representative of a corporation, association, or other organization, whether or not in existence. The person who was the lawyer or the lawyer's representative at the time of the communication is presumed to have authority to claim the privilege but only on behalf of the client.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(d) </span><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont">Exceptions.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000"> There is no privilege under this section:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(1)Furtherance of crime or fraud. If the services of the lawyer were sought or obtained to enable or aid anyone to commit or plan to commit what the client knew or reasonably should have known to be a crime or fraud;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(2)Claimants through same deceased client. As to a communication relevant to an issue between parties who claim through the same deceased client, regardless of whether the claims are by testate or intestate succession or by inter vivos transaction;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(3)Breach of duty by a lawyer or client. As to a communication relevant to an issue of breach of duty by the lawyer to his client or by the client to his lawyer;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(4)Documents attested by a lawyer. As to a communication relevant to an issue concerning an attested document to which the lawyer is an attesting witness;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214StatuteNumber1"><span class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont-000000">(5)Joint clients. As to a communication relevant to a matter of common interest between or among two or more clients if the communication was made by any of them to a lawyer retained or consulted in common, when offered in an action between or among any of the clients.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2081214Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214DefaultParagraphFont">Source: </span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214SCL">SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 502); SL 1994, ch 351, 39; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-2"><span class="s2081214SCL">19-13-2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2081214SCL"> to 19-13-5; SL 2020, ch 248 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-18"><span class="s2081214SCL">19-18</span></a><span class="s2081214SCL">), eff. Sept. 6, 2019.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045439Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045439SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045439CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045439Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045439DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045439Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045439Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045439Normal-000004 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045439000005 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045439SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045439SCL-000006 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-503"><span class="s2045439SENU">19-19-503</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045439SENU">.</span><span class="s2045439CL">Physician and psychotherapist-patient privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000000"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Definitions.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> As used in this section:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000002"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)A "patient" is a person who consults or is examined or interviewed by a physician or psychotherapist;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000002"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)A "physician" is a person authorized in any state or nation to engage in the diagnosis or treatment of any human ill, or reasonably believed by the patient so to be;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000002"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)A "psychotherapist" is:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000003"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)A person authorized to practice medicine in any state or nation, or reasonably believed by the patient so to be, while engaged in the diagnosis or treatment of a mental or emotional condition, including alcohol or drug addiction; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000003"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)A person licensed or certified as a psychologist under the laws of any state or nation, while similarly engaged;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000002"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(4)A communication is "confidential" if not intended to be disclosed to third persons, except persons present to further the interest of patient in the consultation, examination, or interview, persons reasonably necessary for the transmission of the communication, or persons who are participating in the diagnosis and treatment under the direction of the physician or psychotherapist, including members of the patient's family.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000004"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont">(b) General rule of privilege.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> A patient has a privilege to refuse to disclose and to prevent any other person from disclosing confidential communications made for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of his physical, mental, or emotional condition, including alcohol or drug addiction, among himself, physician, or psychotherapist, and persons who are participating in the diagnosis or treatment under the direction of the physician or psychotherapist, including members of the patient's family.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000004"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Who may claim privilege.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The privilege may be claimed by the patient, his guardian or conservator, or the personal representative of a deceased patient. The person who was the physician or psychotherapist at the time of the communication is presumed to have authority to claim the privilege but only on behalf of the patient.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000004"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont">(d) Exceptions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000002"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Proceedings for hospitalization. There is no privilege under this section for communications relevant to an issue in proceedings to hospitalize the patient for mental illness, if the psychotherapist in the course of diagnosis or treatment has determined that the patient is in need of hospitalization.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000002"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Examination by order of court. If the court orders an examination of the physical, mental, or emotional condition of a patient, whether a party or a witness, communications made in the course thereof are not privileged under this section with respect to the particular purpose for which the examination is ordered unless the court orders otherwise.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal-000002"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)The privilege under subdivision (b) as to a communication relevant to an issue of the physical, mental, or emotional condition of the patient is waived at trial or for the purpose of discovery under chapter </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-6"><span class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001">15-6</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045439DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> in any proceeding in which the condition is an element of the patient's claim or defense or, after the patient's death, in any proceeding in which any party relies upon the condition as an element of a claim or defense.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045439000005"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045439Normal"><span class="s2045439SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045439SCL-000006"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 503); SL 2001, ch 103, 1; SL 2003, ch 121, 1; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-6"><span class="s2045439SCL-000006">19-13-6</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045439SCL-000006"> to 19-13-11.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045440Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045440SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045440CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045440Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045440DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045440DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045440Normal-000002 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045440Normal-000003 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045440000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045440SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045440SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-504"><span class="s2045440SENU">19-19-504</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440SENU">.</span><span class="s2045440CL">Spousal privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal-000000"><span class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Definition.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> A communication is confidential if it is made privately by any person to his or her spouse during their marriage and is not intended for disclosure to any other person.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal-000002"><span class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont">(b) General rule of privilege.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> An accused in a criminal proceeding has a privilege to prevent his spouse from testifying as to any confidential communication between the accused and the spouse.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal-000002"><span class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Who may claim the privilege.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The privilege may be claimed by the accused or by the spouse on behalf of the accused. The authority of the spouse to do so is presumed.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal-000002"><span class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont">(d) Exceptions.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> There is no privilege under this section in a proceeding in which one spouse is charged with a crime against the person or property of:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal-000003"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)The other; </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal-000003"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)A child of either; </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal-000003"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)A person residing in the household of either; or </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal-000003"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(4)A third person committed in the course of committing a crime against any of them. </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045440Normal"><span class="s2045440SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 504); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-12"><span class="s2045440SCL-000005">19-13-12</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045440SCL-000005"> to 19-13-15.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045441Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045441SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045441CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045441Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045441DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045441DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045441Normal-000002 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045441Normal-000003 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045441000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045441SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045441SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045441Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-505"><span class="s2045441SENU">19-19-505</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045441SENU">.</span><span class="s2045441CL">Religious privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045441Normal-000000"><span class="s2045441DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Definitions.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045441DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> As used in this section:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045441Normal-000002"><span class="s2045441DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)A "clergyman" is a minister, priest, rabbi, accredited Christian Science practitioner, or other similar functionary of a religious organization, or an individual reasonably believed so to be by the person consulting him;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045441Normal-000002"><span class="s2045441DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)A communication is "confidential" if made privately and not intended for further disclosure except to other persons present in furtherance of the purpose of the communication.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045441Normal-000003"><span class="s2045441DefaultParagraphFont">(b) General rule of privilege.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045441DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> A person has a privilege to refuse to disclose and to prevent another from disclosing a confidential communication by the person to a clergyman in his professional character as spiritual adviser.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045441Normal-000003"><span class="s2045441DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Who may claim privilege.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045441DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The privilege may be claimed by the person, by his guardian or conservator, or by his personal representative if he is deceased. The person who was the clergyman at the time of the communication is presumed to have authority to claim the privilege but only on behalf of the communicant.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045441Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045441000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045441Normal"><span class="s2045441SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045441SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 505); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-16"><span class="s2045441SCL-000005">19-13-16</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045441SCL-000005"> to 19-13-18.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045442Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045442SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045442CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045442Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045442DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045442000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045442SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045442SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045442Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-506"><span class="s2045442SENU">19-19-506</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045442SENU">.</span><span class="s2045442CL">Vote at public election.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045442Normal-000000"><span class="s2045442DefaultParagraphFont">Every person has a privilege to refuse to disclose the tenor of his vote at a public election conducted by secret ballot. This privilege does not apply if the court finds that the vote was cast illegally or determines that the disclosure should be compelled pursuant to the election laws of the state.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045442Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045442000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045442Normal"><span class="s2045442SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045442SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 506); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-19"><span class="s2045442SCL-000002">19-13-19</span></a><span class="s2045442SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045443Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045443SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045443CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045443Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045443DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045443000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045443SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045443SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045443Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-507"><span class="s2045443SENU">19-19-507</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045443SENU">.</span><span class="s2045443CL">Trade secrets.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045443Normal-000000"><span class="s2045443DefaultParagraphFont">A person has a privilege, which may be claimed by him or his agent or employee, to refuse to disclose and to prevent other persons from disclosing a trade secret owned by him, if the allowance of the privilege will not tend to conceal fraud or otherwise work injustice. If disclosure is directed, the court shall take such protective measures as the interest of the holder of the privilege and of the parties and the interest of justice require.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045443Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045443000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045443Normal"><span class="s2045443SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045443SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 507); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-20"><span class="s2045443SCL-000002">19-13-20</span></a><span class="s2045443SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045444Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045444SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045444CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045444Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045444DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045444000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045444SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045444SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045444Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-508"><span class="s2045444SENU">19-19-508</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045444SENU">.</span><span class="s2045444CL">Confidential communications to public officer.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045444Normal-000000"><span class="s2045444DefaultParagraphFont">A public officer cannot be examined as to communications made to him in an official confidence, when the public interests would suffer by the disclosure.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045444Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045444000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045444Normal"><span class="s2045444SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045444SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 508); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-21"><span class="s2045444SCL-000002">19-13-21</span></a><span class="s2045444SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045445Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045445SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045445CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045445Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045445DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045445Normal-000001 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045445000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045445SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045445SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045445Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-508.1"><span class="s2045445SENU">19-19-508.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045445SENU">.</span><span class="s2045445CL">Student and counselor, psychologist, or social worker--Exceptions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045445Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045445DefaultParagraphFont">No counselor or school psychologist, certificated in accordance with the certification regulations of the South Dakota Board of Education Standards, or social worker licensed under chapter </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=36-26"><span class="s2045445DefaultParagraphFont">36-26</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045445DefaultParagraphFont"> and regularly employed as a counselor, school psychologist, or social worker for a private or public elementary or secondary school or school system in the State of South Dakota, may divulge to any other person, or be examined concerning any information or communication given to the counselor, school psychologist, or social worker in the counselor's, school psychologist's, or social worker's official capacity by a student unless:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045445Normal-000001"><span class="s2045445DefaultParagraphFont">(1)This privilege is waived in writing by the student; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045445Normal-000001"><span class="s2045445DefaultParagraphFont">(2)The information or communication was made to the counselor, school psychologist, or social worker for the express purpose of being communicated or of being made public; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045445Normal-000001"><span class="s2045445DefaultParagraphFont">(3)The counselor, school psychologist, or social worker has reason to suspect, as a result of that information or communication, that the student or some other persons have been subjected to child abuse or that the student's physical or mental health or the physical or mental health of other persons may be in jeopardy.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045445Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045445000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045445Normal"><span class="s2045445SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045445SCL-000003"> SL 1972, ch 131; SL 1974, ch 161; SDCL Supp, </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-2-5.1"><span class="s2045445SCL-000003">19-2-5.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045445SCL-000003">; SL 1998, ch 122, 1; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-21.1"><span class="s2045445SCL-000003">19-13-21.1</span></a><span class="s2045445SCL-000003">; SL 2017, ch 81, 57; SL 2019, ch 103, 1.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045446Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045446SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045446CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045446Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045446DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045446Normal-000001 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045446Normal-000002 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045446000003 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045446SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045446SCL-000004 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045446Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-508.2"><span class="s2045446SENU">19-19-508.2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045446SENU">.</span><span class="s2045446CL">College or university counselor and student--Exceptions--Qualifications of counselor.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045446Normal-000000"><span class="s2045446DefaultParagraphFont">No counselor, regularly employed on a full-time basis as a counselor for a private or public college or university in the State of South Dakota, may divulge to any other person, or be examined concerning any information or communication given to the counselor in his official capacity by a client unless:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045446Normal-000001"><span class="s2045446DefaultParagraphFont">(1)This privilege is waived in writing by the student; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045446Normal-000001"><span class="s2045446DefaultParagraphFont">(2)The information or communication was made to the counselor for the express purpose of being communicated or of being made public.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045446Normal-000002"><span class="s2045446DefaultParagraphFont">For the purposes of this section "counselor" and "counseling" mean service performed by persons trained in clinical counseling employed by public and private colleges and universities to provide psychological counseling services to enrolled students under stated policy guidelines of the institution.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045446Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045446000003"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045446Normal"><span class="s2045446SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045446SCL-000004"> SL 1974, ch 163, 1, 2; SDCL Supp, 19-2-5.2; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-21.2"><span class="s2045446SCL-000004">19-13-21.2</span></a><span class="s2045446SCL-000004">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045447Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045447SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045447CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045447Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045447DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045447Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045447Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045447Normal-000004 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045447Normal-000005 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045447000006 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045447SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045447SCL-000007 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-509"><span class="s2045447SENU">19-19-509</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447SENU">.</span><span class="s2045447CL">Identity of informer.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000000"><span class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Rule of privilege.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The United States or a state or subdivision thereof has a privilege to refuse to disclose the identity of a person who has furnished information relating to or assisting in an investigation of a possible violation of a law to a law enforcement officer or member of a legislative committee or its staff conducting an investigation.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000002"><span class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Who may claim.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The privilege may be claimed by an appropriate representative of the public entity to which the information was furnished.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000002"><span class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Exceptions</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001">: </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000003"><span class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Voluntary disclosure; informer a witness. No privilege exists under this section if the identity of the informer or his interest in the subject matter of his communication has been disclosed to those who would have cause to resent the communication by a holder of the privilege or by the informer's own action, or if the informer appears as a witness for the government.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000003"><span class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Testimony on relevant issue. If it appears in the case that an informer may be able to give testimony relevant to any issue in a criminal case or to a fair determination of a material issue on the merits in a civil case to which a public entity is a party, and the informed public entity invokes the privilege, the court shall give the public entity an opportunity to show in camera facts relevant to determining whether the informer can in fact, supply that testimony. The showing will ordinarily be in the form of affidavits, but the court may direct that testimony be taken if it finds that the matter cannot be resolved satisfactorily upon affidavit. If the court finds there is a reasonable probability that the informer can give the testimony, and the public entity elects not to disclose his identity, in criminal cases the court on motion of the defendant or on its own motion shall grant appropriate relief, which may include one or more of the following:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000004"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)Requiring the prosecuting attorney to comply; </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000004"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)Granting the defendant additional time or a continuance; </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000004"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(C)Relieving the defendant from making disclosures otherwise required of him; </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000004"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(D)Prohibiting the prosecuting attorney from introducing specified evidence; and </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000004"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(E)Dismissing charges. </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal-000005"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447DefaultParagraphFont-000001">In civil cases, the court may make any order the interests of justice require. Evidence submitted to the court shall be sealed and preserved to be made available to the appellate court in the event of an appeal, and the contents shall not otherwise be revealed without consent of the informed public entity. All counsel and parties are permitted to be present at every stage of proceedings under this subdivision except a showing in camera at which no counsel or party shall be permitted to be present. </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447000006"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045447Normal"><span class="s2045447SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447SCL-000007"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 509); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-22"><span class="s2045447SCL-000007">19-13-22</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045447SCL-000007"> to 19-13-25.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045448Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045448SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045448CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045448Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045448DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045448000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045448SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045448SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045448Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-510"><span class="s2045448SENU">19-19-510</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045448SENU">.</span><span class="s2045448CL">Waiver of privilege by voluntary disclosure.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045448Normal-000000"><span class="s2045448DefaultParagraphFont">A person upon whom this chapter confers a privilege against disclosure waives the privilege if he or his predecessor while holder of the privilege voluntarily discloses or consents to disclosure of any significant part of the privileged matter. This section does not apply if the disclosure itself is privileged.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045448Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045448000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045448Normal"><span class="s2045448SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045448SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 510); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-26"><span class="s2045448SCL-000002">19-13-26</span></a><span class="s2045448SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045449Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045449SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045449CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045449Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045449DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045449Normal-000001 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045449000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045449SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045449SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045449Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-511"><span class="s2045449SENU">19-19-511</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045449SENU">.</span><span class="s2045449CL">Privilege not waived by involuntary disclosure.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045449Normal-000000"><span class="s2045449DefaultParagraphFont">A claim of privilege is not defeated by a disclosure which was:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045449Normal-000001"><span class="s2045449DefaultParagraphFont">(1)Compelled erroneously; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045449Normal-000001"><span class="s2045449DefaultParagraphFont">(2)Made without opportunity to claim the privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045449Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045449000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045449Normal"><span class="s2045449SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045449SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 511); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-27"><span class="s2045449SCL-000003">19-13-27</span></a><span class="s2045449SCL-000003">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045450Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045450SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045450CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045450Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045450DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045450DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045450Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045450000003 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045450SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045450SCL-000004 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045450Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-512"><span class="s2045450SENU">19-19-512</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045450SENU">.</span><span class="s2045450CL">Comment upon or inference from claim of privilege--Instruction.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045450Normal-000000"><span class="s2045450DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Comment or inference not permitted.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045450DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The claim of a privilege, whether in the present proceeding or upon a prior occasion, is not a proper subject of comment by judge or counsel. No inference may be drawn therefrom.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045450Normal-000002"><span class="s2045450DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Claiming privilege without knowledge of jury.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045450DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> In jury cases, proceedings shall be conducted, to the extent practicable, so as to facilitate the making of claims of privilege without the knowledge of the jury.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045450Normal-000002"><span class="s2045450DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Jury instruction.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045450DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Upon request, any party against whom the jury might draw an adverse inference from a claim of privilege is entitled to an instruction that no inference may be drawn therefrom.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045450Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045450000003"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045450Normal"><span class="s2045450SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045450SCL-000004"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 512); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-28"><span class="s2045450SCL-000004">19-13-28</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045450SCL-000004">, </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-29"><span class="s2045450SCL-000004">19-13-29</span></a><span class="s2045450SCL-000004">, 19-13-30.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045451Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045451SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045451CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045451Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045451DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045451000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045451SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045451SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045451Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-513"><span class="s2045451SENU">19-19-513</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045451SENU">.</span><span class="s2045451CL">Motorist's refusal to submit to chemical test of intoxication admissible--Privilege against self-incrimination may not be claimed.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045451Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045451DefaultParagraphFont">Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision 19-19-512(a), when a person stands trial for driving while under the influence of alcohol or drugs, as provided under </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=32-23-1"><span class="s2045451DefaultParagraphFont">32-23-1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045451DefaultParagraphFont">, and that person has refused chemical analysis, as provided in </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=32-23-10"><span class="s2045451DefaultParagraphFont">32-23-10</span></a><span class="s2045451DefaultParagraphFont">, such refusal is admissible into evidence. Such person may not claim privilege against self-incrimination with regard to admission of refusal to submit to chemical analysis.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045451Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045451000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045451Normal"><span class="s2045451SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045451SCL-000002"> SL 1980, ch 230, 2; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-28.1"><span class="s2045451SCL-000002">19-13-28.1</span></a><span class="s2045451SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045452Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045452SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045452CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045452Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045452DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045452000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045452SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045452SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045452Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-514"><span class="s2045452SENU">19-19-514</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045452SENU">.</span><span class="s2045452CL">Sign language interpreter or relay service operator privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045452Normal-000000"><span class="s2045452DefaultParagraphFont">No sign language interpreter or relay service operator who has interpreted for or relayed information for a deaf, speech impaired, or hard of hearing person may be compelled to divulge or be examined as part of any proceeding concerning any information or communication given to him in his capacity as an interpreter or relay service operator if his client is otherwise accorded a privilege under this chapter.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045452Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045452000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045452Normal"><span class="s2045452SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045452SCL-000002"> SL 1991, ch 177, 2; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-31"><span class="s2045452SCL-000002">19-13-31</span></a><span class="s2045452SCL-000002">; SL 2019, ch 8, 4.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045453Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045453SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045453CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045453Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045453DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045453000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045453SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045453SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045453Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-515"><span class="s2045453SENU">19-19-515</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045453SENU">.</span><span class="s2045453CL">Mediation privilege.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045453Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045453DefaultParagraphFont">All verbal or written information relating to the subject matter of a mediation which is transmitted between any party to a dispute and a mediator or any agent, employee, or representative of a party or a mediator is confidential. Any mediation proceeding shall be regarded as settlement negotiations, and no admission, representation, or statement made in mediation not otherwise discoverable is admissible as evidence or subject to discovery. A mediator is not subject to process requiring the disclosure of any material matter discussed during the mediation proceeding unless all the parties consent to a waiver. A meeting held to further the resolution of a dispute may be closed to the public at the discretion of the mediator. This section does not apply if a party brings an action against the mediator or if the communication was made in furtherance of a crime or fraud. This section does not apply to mediations conducted pursuant to chapter </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=25-4"><span class="s2045453DefaultParagraphFont">25-4</span></a><span class="s2045453DefaultParagraphFont">.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045453Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045453000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045453Normal"><span class="s2045453SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045453SCL-000002"> SL 1998, ch 112, 1; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-32"><span class="s2045453SCL-000002">19-13-32</span></a><span class="s2045453SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045454Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045454SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045454CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045454Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045454DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045454000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045454SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045454SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045454Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-516"><span class="s2045454SENU">19-19-516</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045454SENU">.</span><span class="s2045454CL">Communications concerning execution of inmate.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045454Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045454DefaultParagraphFont">The secretary of corrections, the warden of the penitentiary, penitentiary staff, and Department of Corrections staff may not be examined as to communications made to them concerning an execution of an inmate under chapter </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=23A-27A"><span class="s2045454DefaultParagraphFont">23A-27A</span></a><span class="s2045454DefaultParagraphFont">. The privilege described in this section may be claimed by the secretary of corrections, the warden of the penitentiary, penitentiary staff, Department of Corrections staff, or by any representative of any of the foregoing to be examined and is binding on all of them. However, the secretary of corrections and the warden of the penitentiary may personally waive the privilege described in this section.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045454Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045454000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045454Normal"><span class="s2045454SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045454SCL-000002"> SL 2008, ch 117, 41; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-13-33"><span class="s2045454SCL-000002">19-13-33</span></a><span class="s2045454SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045455Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045455SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045455CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045455Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045455DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045455000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045455SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045455SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045455Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-601"><span class="s2045455SENU">19-19-601</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045455SENU">.</span><span class="s2045455CL">Competency to testify in general.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045455Normal-000000"><span class="s2045455DefaultParagraphFont">Every person is competent to be a witness unless otherwise provided in this chapter.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045455Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045455000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045455Normal"><span class="s2045455SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045455SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 601); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-1"><span class="s2045455SCL-000002">19-14-1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045455SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-35"><span class="s2045455SCL-000002">15-35</span></a><span class="s2045455SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045456Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045456SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045456CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045456Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045456DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045456000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045456SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045456SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045456Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-602"><span class="s2045456SENU">19-19-602</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045456SENU">.</span><span class="s2045456CL">Need for personal knowledge--Exception for expert opinion.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045456Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045456DefaultParagraphFont">A witness may testify to a matter only if evidence is introduced sufficient to support a finding that the witness has personal knowledge of the matter. Evidence to prove personal knowledge may consist of the witness's own testimony. This rule does not apply to a witness's expert testimony under </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-703"><span class="s2045456DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-703</span></a><span class="s2045456DefaultParagraphFont">.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045456Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045456000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045456Normal"><span class="s2045456SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045456SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 602); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-2"><span class="s2045456SCL-000002">19-14-2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045456SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-36"><span class="s2045456SCL-000002">15-36</span></a><span class="s2045456SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045457Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045457SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045457CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045457Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045457DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045457000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045457SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045457SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045457Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-603"><span class="s2045457SENU">19-19-603</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045457SENU">.</span><span class="s2045457CL">Oath or affirmation to testify truthfully.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045457Normal-000000"><span class="s2045457DefaultParagraphFont">Before testifying, a witness must give an oath or affirmation to testify truthfully. It must be in a form designed to impress that duty on the witness's conscience.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045457Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045457000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045457Normal"><span class="s2045457SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045457SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 603); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-3"><span class="s2045457SCL-000002">19-14-3</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045457SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-37"><span class="s2045457SCL-000002">15-37</span></a><span class="s2045457SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045458Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045458SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045458CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045458Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045458DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045458Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045458000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045458SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045458SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045458Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-603.1"><span class="s2045458SENU">19-19-603.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045458SENU">.</span><span class="s2045458CL">Form for oath of witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045458Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045458DefaultParagraphFont">The following oath may be used to satisfy the requirements of </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-603"><span class="s2045458DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-603</span></a><span class="s2045458DefaultParagraphFont">:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045458Normal-000001"><span class="s2045458DefaultParagraphFont">You do solemnly swear that the evidence you shall give relative to the matter in difference now in hearing between _____, plaintiff, and _____, defendant, shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045458Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045458000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045458Normal"><span class="s2045458SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045458SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 154, 6; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-3.1"><span class="s2045458SCL-000003">19-14-3.1</span></a><span class="s2045458SCL-000003">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045459Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045459SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045459CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045459Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045459DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045459Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045459000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045459SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045459SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045459Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-603.2"><span class="s2045459SENU">19-19-603.2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045459SENU">.</span><span class="s2045459CL">Form for affirmation of witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045459Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045459DefaultParagraphFont">The following affirmation may be used to satisfy the requirements of </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-603"><span class="s2045459DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-603</span></a><span class="s2045459DefaultParagraphFont">:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045459Normal-000001"><span class="s2045459DefaultParagraphFont">You do solemnly affirm that the evidence you shall give relative to the matter in difference now in hearing between _____, plaintiff, and _____, defendant, shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth under the pains and penalties of perjury.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045459Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045459000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045459Normal"><span class="s2045459SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045459SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 154, 8; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-3.2"><span class="s2045459SCL-000003">19-14-3.2</span></a><span class="s2045459SCL-000003">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045460Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045460SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045460CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045460Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045460DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045460Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045460000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045460SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045460SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045460Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-604"><span class="s2045460SENU">19-19-604</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045460SENU">.</span><span class="s2045460CL">Form for oath of interpreter.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045460Normal-000000"><span class="s2045460DefaultParagraphFont">The following oath, as appropriate to the circumstances, may be used for an interpreter:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045460Normal-000001"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045460DefaultParagraphFont"> I, __________, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will justly, truly and impartially interpret, to the best of my skill and judgment, and will make a true interpretation to any party or witness, the oath or affirmation administered in all matters; the questions which may be asked and the answers that shall be given to such questions and all statements relative to any [court proceedings, probation activities, or any other proceeding] under consideration in which I am employed to interpret, so help me God (under the pains and penalties of perjury).</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045460Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045460000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045460Normal"><span class="s2045460SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045460SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 154, 10; SL 2012, ch 115, 3; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-4.1"><span class="s2045460SCL-000003">19-14-4.1</span></a><span class="s2045460SCL-000003">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045461Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045461SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045461CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045461Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045461DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045461000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045461SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045461SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045461Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-605"><span class="s2045461SENU">19-19-605</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045461SENU">.</span><span class="s2045461CL">Judge's competency as a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045461Normal-000000"><span class="s2045461DefaultParagraphFont">The presiding judge may not testify as a witness at the trial. A party need not object to preserve the issue.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045461Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045461000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045461Normal"><span class="s2045461SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045461SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 605); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-5"><span class="s2045461SCL-000002">19-14-5</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045461SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-38"><span class="s2045461SCL-000002">15-38</span></a><span class="s2045461SCL-000002">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045462Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045462SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045462CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045462Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045462DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045462DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045462Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045462Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045462Normal-000004 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045462000005 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045462SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045462SCL-000006 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045462Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-606"><span class="s2045462SENU">19-19-606</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045462SENU">.</span><span class="s2045462CL">Juror's competency as a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045462Normal-000000"><span class="s2045462DefaultParagraphFont">(a) At the trial.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045462DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> A juror may not testify as a witness before the other jurors at the trial. If a juror is called to testify, the court must give a party an opportunity to object outside the jury's presence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045462Normal-000002"><span class="s2045462DefaultParagraphFont">(b) During an inquiry into the validity of a verdict or indictment.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045462Normal-000003"><span class="s2045462DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Prohibited testimony or other evidence. During an inquiry into the validity of a verdict or indictment, a juror may not testify about any statement made or incident that occurred during the jury's deliberations; the effect of anything on that juror's or another juror's vote; or any juror's mental processes concerning the verdict or indictment. The court may not receive a juror's affidavit or evidence of a juror's statement on these matters.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045462Normal-000003"><span class="s2045462DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Exceptions. A juror may testify about whether:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045462Normal-000004"><span class="s2045462DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)Extraneous prejudicial information was improperly brought to the jury's attention;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045462Normal-000004"><span class="s2045462DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)An outside influence was improperly brought to bear on any juror; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045462Normal-000004"><span class="s2045462DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(C)A mistake was made in entering the verdict on the verdict form.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045462Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045462000005"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045462Normal"><span class="s2045462SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045462SCL-000006"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 606); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-6"><span class="s2045462SCL-000006">19-14-6</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045462SCL-000006">, 19-14-7; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=15-39"><span class="s2045462SCL-000006">15-39</span></a><span class="s2045462SCL-000006">), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045463Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045463SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045463CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045463Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045463DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045463000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045463SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045463SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045463Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-607"><span class="s2045463SENU">19-19-607</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045463SENU">.</span><span class="s2045463CL">Who may impeach a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045463Normal-000000"><span class="s2045463DefaultParagraphFont">Any party, including the party that called the witness, may attack the witness's credibility.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045463Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045463000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045463Normal"><span class="s2045463SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045463SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 607); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-8"><span class="s2045463SCL-000002">19-14-8</span></a><span class="s2045463SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-40), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045464Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045464SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045464CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045464Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045464DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045464DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045464Normal-000002 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045464Normal-000003 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045464000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045464SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045464SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045464Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-608"><span class="s2045464SENU">19-19-608</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045464SENU">.</span><span class="s2045464CL">A witness's character for truthfulness or untruthfulness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045464Normal-000000"><span class="s2045464DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Reputation or opinion evidence.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045464DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> A witness's credibility may be attacked or supported by testimony about the witness's reputation for having a character for truthfulness or untruthfulness, or by testimony in the form of an opinion about that character. But evidence of truthful character is admissible only after the witness's character for truthfulness has been attacked.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045464Normal-000002"><span class="s2045464DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Specific instances of conduct.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045464DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Except for a criminal conviction under </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-609"><span class="s2045464DefaultParagraphFont-000001">19-19-609</span></a><span class="s2045464DefaultParagraphFont-000001">, extrinsic evidence is not admissible to prove specific instances of a witness's conduct in order to attack or support the witness's character for truthfulness. But the court may, on cross-examination, allow them to be inquired into if they are probative of the character for truthfulness or untruthfulness of:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045464Normal-000003"><span class="s2045464DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)The witness; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045464Normal-000003"><span class="s2045464DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Another witness whose character the witness being cross-examined has testified about.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045464Normal-000002"><span class="s2045464DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Privilege against self-incrimination not waived by testimony on credibility.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045464DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> By testifying on another matter, a witness does not waive any privilege against self-incrimination for testimony that relates only to the witness's character for truthfulness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045464Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045464000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045464Normal"><span class="s2045464SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045464SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 608); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-9"><span class="s2045464SCL-000005">19-14-9</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045464SCL-000005"> to 19-14-11; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-41), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045465Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045465SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045465CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045465Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045465DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045465Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045465Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045465Normal-000004 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045465000005 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045465SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045465SCL-000006 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-609"><span class="s2045465SENU">19-19-609</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045465SENU">.</span><span class="s2045465CL">Impeachment by evidence of a criminal conviction.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000000"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont">(a) In general.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The following rules apply to attacking a witness's character for truthfulness by evidence of a criminal conviction:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000002"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)For a crime that, in the convicting jurisdiction, was punishable by death or by imprisonment for more than one year, the evidence:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000003"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)Must be admitted, subject to </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-403"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">19-19-403</span></a><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">, in a civil case or in a criminal case in which the witness is not a defendant; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000003"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)Must be admitted in a criminal case in which the witness is a defendant, if the probative value of the evidence outweighs its prejudicial effect to that defendant; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000002"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)For any crime regardless of the punishment, the evidence must be admitted if the court can readily determine that establishing the elements of the crime required proving--or the witness's admitting--a dishonest act or false statement.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000004"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Limit on using the evidence after 10 years.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> This subdivision (b) applies if more than 10 years have passed since the witness's conviction or release from confinement for it, whichever is later. Evidence of the conviction is admissible only if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000002"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Its probative value, supported by specific facts and circumstances, substantially outweighs its prejudicial effect; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000002"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)The proponent gives an adverse party reasonable written notice of the intent to use it so that the party has a fair opportunity to contest its use.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000004"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Effect of a pardon, annulment, or certificate of rehabilitation.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Evidence of a conviction is not admissible under subdivision (a) or (b) if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000002"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)The conviction has been the subject of a pardon, annulment, certificate of rehabilitation, or other equivalent procedure based on a finding that the person has been rehabilitated, and the person has not been convicted of a later crime punishable by death or by imprisonment for more than one year; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000002"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)The conviction has been the subject of a pardon, annulment, or other equivalent procedure based on a finding of innocence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000004"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont">(d) Juvenile adjudications.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Evidence of a juvenile adjudication is admissible under subdivision (a) only if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000002"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)It is offered in a criminal case;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000002"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)The adjudication was of a witness other than the defendant;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000002"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)An adult's conviction for that offense would be admissible to attack the adult's credibility; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000002"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(4)Admitting the evidence is necessary to fairly determine guilt or innocence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal-000004"><span class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont">(e) Pendency of an appeal.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045465DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> A conviction that satisfies this rule is admissible even if an appeal is pending. Evidence of the pendency is also admissible.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045465000005"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045465Normal"><span class="s2045465SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045465SCL-000006"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 609); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-12"><span class="s2045465SCL-000006">19-14-12</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045465SCL-000006"> to 19-14-16; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-42), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045466Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045466SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045466CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045466Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045466DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045466000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045466SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045466SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045466Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-610"><span class="s2045466SENU">19-19-610</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045466SENU">.</span><span class="s2045466CL">Religious beliefs or opinions.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045466Normal-000000"><span class="s2045466DefaultParagraphFont">Evidence of a witness's religious beliefs or opinions is not admissible to attack or support the witness's credibility.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045466Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045466000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045466Normal"><span class="s2045466SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045466SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 610); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-17"><span class="s2045466SCL-000002">19-14-17</span></a><span class="s2045466SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-43), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045467Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045467SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045467CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045467Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045467DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045467DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045467Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045467Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045467000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045467SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045467SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-611"><span class="s2045467SENU">19-19-611</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045467SENU">.</span><span class="s2045467CL">Mode and order of examining witnesses and presenting evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal-000000"><span class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Control by the court; purposes.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court should exercise reasonable control over the mode and order of examining witnesses and presenting evidence so as to:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal-000002"><span class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Make those procedures effective for determining the truth;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal-000002"><span class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Avoid wasting time; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal-000002"><span class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)Protect witnesses from harassment or undue embarrassment.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal-000003"><span class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Scope of cross-examination.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Cross-examination should not go beyond the subject matter of the direct examination and matters affecting the witness's credibility. The court may allow inquiry into additional matters as if on direct examination.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal-000003"><span class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Leading questions.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Leading questions should not be used on direct examination except as necessary to develop the witness's testimony. Ordinarily, the court should allow leading questions:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal-000002"><span class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)On cross-examination; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal-000002"><span class="s2045467DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)When a party calls a hostile witness, an adverse party, or a witness identified with an adverse party.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045467000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045467Normal"><span class="s2045467SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045467SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 611); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-18"><span class="s2045467SCL-000005">19-14-18</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045467SCL-000005">, </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-19"><span class="s2045467SCL-000005">19-14-19</span></a><span class="s2045467SCL-000005">, 19-14-20; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-44), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045468Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045468SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045468CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045468Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045468DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045468000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045468SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045468SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045468Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-611.1"><span class="s2045468SENU">19-19-611.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045468SENU">.</span><span class="s2045468CL">Address of witness--Release in open court restricted.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045468Normal-000000"><span class="s2045468DefaultParagraphFont">The courts of the State of South Dakota shall not require that witnesses, at time of questioning in open court, release their specific addresses unless it is required by due process or is in the interest of justice.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045468Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045468000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045468Normal"><span class="s2045468SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045468SCL-000002"> SL 1985, ch 410 (Supreme Court Rule 85-5); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-18.1"><span class="s2045468SCL-000002">19-14-18.1</span></a><span class="s2045468SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045469Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045469SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045469CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045469Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045469DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045469DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045469Normal-000002 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045469Normal-000003 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045469000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045469SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045469SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045469Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-612"><span class="s2045469SENU">19-19-612</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045469SENU">.</span><span class="s2045469CL">Writing used to refresh a witness's memory.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045469Normal-000000"><span class="s2045469DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Scope.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045469DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> This section gives an adverse party certain options when a witness uses a writing to refresh memory:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045469Normal-000002"><span class="s2045469DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)While testifying; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045469Normal-000002"><span class="s2045469DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Before testifying, if the court decides that justice requires the party to have those options.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045469Normal-000003"><span class="s2045469DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Adverse party's options; deleting unrelated matter.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045469DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> An adverse party entitled to have the writing produced at the hearing under subdivision (a) is entitled to inspect it, to cross-examine the witness about it, and to introduce in evidence any portion that relates to the witness's testimony. If the producing party claims that the writing includes unrelated matter, the court must examine the writing in camera, delete any unrelated portion, and order that the rest be delivered to the adverse party. Any portion deleted over objection must be preserved for the record.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045469Normal-000003"><span class="s2045469DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Failure to produce or deliver the writing.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045469DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> If a writing is not produced or is not delivered as ordered under subdivision (a) or (b), the court may issue any appropriate order. But if the prosecution does not comply in a criminal case, the court must strike the witness's testimony or--if justice so requires--declare a mistrial.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045469Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045469000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045469Normal"><span class="s2045469SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045469SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 612); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-21"><span class="s2045469SCL-000005">19-14-21</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045469SCL-000005"> to 19-14-23; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-45), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045470Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045470SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045470CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045470Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045470DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045470DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045470Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045470000003 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045470SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045470SCL-000004 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045470Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-613"><span class="s2045470SENU">19-19-613</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045470SENU">.</span><span class="s2045470CL">Witness's prior statement.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045470Normal-000000"><span class="s2045470DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Showing or disclosing the statement during examination.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045470DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> When examining a witness about the witness's prior statement, a party need not show it or disclose its contents to the witness. But the party must, on request, show it or disclose its contents to an adverse party's attorney.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045470Normal-000002"><span class="s2045470DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Extrinsic evidence of a prior inconsistent statement.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045470DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> Extrinsic evidence of a witness's prior inconsistent statement is admissible only if the witness is given an opportunity to explain or deny the statement and an adverse party is given an opportunity to examine the witness about it, or if justice so requires. This subdivision (b) does not apply to an opposing party's statement under subdivision 19-19-801(d)(2).</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045470Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045470000003"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045470Normal"><span class="s2045470SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045470SCL-000004"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 613); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-24"><span class="s2045470SCL-000004">19-14-24</span></a><span class="s2045470SCL-000004">, 19-14-25; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-46), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045471Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045471SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045471CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045471Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045471DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045471DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045471Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045471000003 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045471SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045471SCL-000004 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045471Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-614"><span class="s2045471SENU">19-19-614</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045471SENU">.</span><span class="s2045471CL">Court's calling or examining a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045471Normal-000000"><span class="s2045471DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Calling.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045471DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court may call a witness on its own or at a party's request. Each party is entitled to cross-examine the witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045471Normal-000002"><span class="s2045471DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Examining.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045471DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court may examine a witness regardless of who calls the witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045471Normal-000002"><span class="s2045471DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Objections.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045471DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> A party may object to the court's calling or examining a witness either at that time or at the next opportunity when the jury is not present.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045471Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045471000003"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045471Normal"><span class="s2045471SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045471SCL-000004"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 614); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-26"><span class="s2045471SCL-000004">19-14-26</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045471SCL-000004"> to 19-14-28; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-47), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045472Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045472SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045472CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045472Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045472DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045472Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045472000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045472SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045472SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045472Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-615"><span class="s2045472SENU">19-19-615</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045472SENU">.</span><span class="s2045472CL">Excluding witnesses.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045472Normal-000000"><span class="s2045472DefaultParagraphFont">At a party's request, the court must order witnesses excluded so that they cannot hear other witnesses' testimony. Or the court may do so on its own. But this rule does not authorize excluding:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045472Normal-000001"><span class="s2045472DefaultParagraphFont">(a)A party who is a natural person;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045472Normal-000001"><span class="s2045472DefaultParagraphFont">(b)An officer or employee of a party that is not a natural person, after being designated as the party's representative by its attorney;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045472Normal-000001"><span class="s2045472DefaultParagraphFont">(c)A person whose presence a party shows to be essential to presenting the party's claim or defense;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045472Normal-000001"><span class="s2045472DefaultParagraphFont">(d)A person authorized by statute to be present; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045472Normal-000001"><span class="s2045472DefaultParagraphFont">(e)A victim of a crime and his parent or guardian following the victim's testimony.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045472Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045472000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045472Normal"><span class="s2045472SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045472SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 615); SL 1986, ch 193, 4; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-14-29"><span class="s2045472SCL-000003">19-14-29</span></a><span class="s2045472SCL-000003">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-48), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045473Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045473SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045473CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045473Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045473DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045473Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045473000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045473SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045473SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045473Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-701"><span class="s2045473SENU">19-19-701</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045473SENU">.</span><span class="s2045473CL">Opinion testimony by lay witnesses.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045473Normal-000000"><span class="s2045473DefaultParagraphFont">If a witness is not testifying as an expert, testimony in the form of an opinion is limited to one that is:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045473Normal-000001"><span class="s2045473DefaultParagraphFont">(a)Rationally based on the witness's perception;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045473Normal-000001"><span class="s2045473DefaultParagraphFont">(b)Helpful to clearly understanding the witness's testimony or to determining a fact in issue; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045473Normal-000001"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045473DefaultParagraphFont">(c)Not based on scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge within the scope of </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-702"><span class="s2045473DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-702</span></a><span class="s2045473DefaultParagraphFont">.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045473Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045473000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045473Normal"><span class="s2045473SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045473SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 701); SL 2011, ch 234 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=10-10"><span class="s2045473SCL-000003">10-10</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045473SCL-000003">); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-15-1"><span class="s2045473SCL-000003">19-15-1</span></a><span class="s2045473SCL-000003">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-49), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045474Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045474SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045474CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045474Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045474DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045474Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045474000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045474SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045474SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045474Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-702"><span class="s2045474SENU">19-19-702</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045474SENU">.</span><span class="s2045474CL">Testimony by expert.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045474Normal-000000"><span class="s2045474DefaultParagraphFont">A witness who is qualified as an expert by knowledge, skill, experience, training, or education may testify in the form of an opinion or otherwise if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045474Normal-000001"><span class="s2045474DefaultParagraphFont">(a)The expert's scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge will help the trier of fact to understand the evidence or to determine a fact in issue;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045474Normal-000001"><span class="s2045474DefaultParagraphFont">(b)The testimony is based on sufficient facts or data;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045474Normal-000001"><span class="s2045474DefaultParagraphFont">(c)The testimony is the product of reliable principles and methods; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045474Normal-000001"><span class="s2045474DefaultParagraphFont">(d)The expert has reliably applied the principles and methods to the facts of the case.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045474Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045474000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045474Normal"><span class="s2045474SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045474SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 702); SL 2011, ch 235 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=10-11"><span class="s2045474SCL-000003">10-11</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045474SCL-000003">); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-15-2"><span class="s2045474SCL-000003">19-15-2</span></a><span class="s2045474SCL-000003">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-50), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045475Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045475SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045475CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045475Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045475DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045475000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045475SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045475SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045475Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-703"><span class="s2045475SENU">19-19-703</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045475SENU">.</span><span class="s2045475CL">Bases of opinion testimony by experts.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045475Normal-000000"><span class="s2045475DefaultParagraphFont">An expert may base an opinion on facts or data in the case that the expert has been made aware of or personally observed. If experts in the particular field would reasonably rely on those kinds of facts or data in forming an opinion on the subject, they need not be admissible for the opinion to be admitted. But if the facts or data would otherwise be inadmissible, the proponent of the opinion may disclose them to the jury only if their probative value in helping the jury evaluate the opinion substantially outweighs their prejudicial effect.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045475Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045475000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045475Normal"><span class="s2045475SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045475SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 703); SL 2011, ch 236 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=10-12"><span class="s2045475SCL-000002">10-12</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045475SCL-000002">); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-15-3"><span class="s2045475SCL-000002">19-15-3</span></a><span class="s2045475SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-51), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045476Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045476SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045476CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045476Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045476DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045476000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045476SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045476SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045476Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-704"><span class="s2045476SENU">19-19-704</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045476SENU">.</span><span class="s2045476CL">Opinion on an ultimate issue.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045476Normal-000000"><span class="s2045476DefaultParagraphFont">An opinion is not objectionable just because it embraces an ultimate issue.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045476Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045476000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045476Normal"><span class="s2045476SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045476SCL-000002"> SL 1993, ch 401 (Supreme Court Rule 93-18); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-15-4"><span class="s2045476SCL-000002">19-15-4</span></a><span class="s2045476SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-52), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045477Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045477SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045477CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045477Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045477DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045477000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045477SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045477SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045477Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-705"><span class="s2045477SENU">19-19-705</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045477SENU">.</span><span class="s2045477CL">Disclosure of facts or data underlying expert opinion.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045477Normal-000000"><span class="s2045477DefaultParagraphFont">Unless the court orders otherwise, an expert may state an opinion--and give the reasons for it--without first testifying to the underlying facts or data. But the expert may be required to disclose those facts or data on cross-examination.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045477Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045477000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045477Normal"><span class="s2045477SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045477SCL-000002"> SL 2011, ch 238 (Supreme Court Rule </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=10-14"><span class="s2045477SCL-000002">10-14</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045477SCL-000002">); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-15-5"><span class="s2045477SCL-000002">19-15-5</span></a><span class="s2045477SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-53), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045478Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045478SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045478CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045478Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045478DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045478Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045478Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045478000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045478SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045478SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-706"><span class="s2045478SENU">19-19-706</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045478SENU">.</span><span class="s2045478CL">Court-appointed expert witnesses.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000000"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Appointment process.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> On a party's motion or on its own, the court may order the parties to show cause why expert witnesses should not be appointed and may ask the parties to submit nominations. The court may appoint any expert that the parties agree on and any of its own choosing. But the court may only appoint someone who consents to act.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000002"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Expert's role.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court must inform the expert of the expert's duties. The court may do so in writing and have a copy filed with the clerk or may do so orally at a conference in which the parties have an opportunity to participate. The expert:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000003"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Must advise the parties of any findings the expert makes;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000003"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)May be deposed by any party;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000003"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)May be called to testify by the court or any party; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000003"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(4)May be cross-examined by any party, including the party that called the expert.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000002"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont">(c) Compensation.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The expert is entitled to a reasonable compensation, as set by the court. The compensation is payable as follows:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000003"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)In a criminal case or in a civil case involving just compensation under the Fifth Amendment, from any funds that are provided by law; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000003"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)In any other civil case, by the parties in the proportion and at the time that the court directs--and the compensation is then charged like other costs.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000002"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont">(d) Disclosing the appointment to the jury.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The court may authorize disclosure to the jury that the court appointed the expert.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal-000002"><span class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont">(e) Parties' choice of their own experts.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045478DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> This rule does not limit a party in calling its own experts.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045478000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045478Normal"><span class="s2045478SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045478SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 706); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-15-9"><span class="s2045478SCL-000005">19-15-9</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045478SCL-000005"> to 19-15-17; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-54), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045479Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045479SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045479CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045479Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045479DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045479DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045479Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045479000003 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045479SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045479SCL-000004 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045479Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-707"><span class="s2045479SENU">19-19-707</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045479SENU">.</span><span class="s2045479CL">Experts called by parties.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045479Normal-000000"><span class="s2045479DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Limitation on number called.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045479DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The provisions of </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-706"><span class="s2045479DefaultParagraphFont-000001">19-19-706</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045479DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> shall not preclude any party to either a criminal or civil proceeding from calling expert witnesses, but the court may impose reasonable limitations upon the number of witnesses so called.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045479Normal-000002"><span class="s2045479DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Compensation.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045479DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The fee of an expert witness called by a party but not appointed by the court shall be paid by the party by whom he was called, and the amount of such fee shall be disclosed if requested upon cross-examination.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045479Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045479000003"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045479Normal"><span class="s2045479SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045479SCL-000004"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 707); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-15-18"><span class="s2045479SCL-000004">19-15-18</span></a><span class="s2045479SCL-000004">, 19-15-19.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045480Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045480SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045480CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045480Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045480DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045480Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045480DefaultParagraphFont-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045480Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045480Normal-000004 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.58in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045480Normal-000005 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045480000006 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045480SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045480SCL-000007 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-801"><span class="s2045480SENU">19-19-801</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045480SENU">.</span><span class="s2045480CL">Definitions that apply to this article--Exclusions from hearsay.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000000"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">The following definitions apply under this article:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000001"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(a)Statement.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont"> "Statement" means a person's oral assertion, written assertion, or nonverbal conduct, if the person intended it as an assertion.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000001"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(b)Declarant.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont"> "Declarant" means the person who made the statement.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000001"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(c)Hearsay.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont"> "Hearsay" means a statement that:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000003"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(1)The declarant does not make while testifying at the current trial or hearing; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000003"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(2)A party offers in evidence to prove the truth of the matter asserted in the statement.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000001"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(d)Statements that are not hearsay.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement that meets the following conditions is not hearsay:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000003"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(1)A declarant-witness's prior statement. The declarant testifies and is subject to cross-examination about a prior statement, and the statement:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000004"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(A)Is inconsistent with the declarant's testimony and was given under penalty of perjury at a trial, hearing, or other proceeding or in a deposition;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000004"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(B)Is consistent with the declarant's testimony and is offered to rebut an express or implied charge that the declarant recently fabricated it or acted from a recent improper influence or motive in so testifying; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000004"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(C)Identifies a person as someone the declarant perceived earlier.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000003"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(2)An opposing party's statement. The statement is offered against an opposing party and:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000004"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(A)Was made by the party in an individual or representative capacity;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000004"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(B)Is one the party manifested that it adopted or believed to be true;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000004"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(C)Was made by a person whom the party authorized to make a statement on the subject;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000004"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(D)Was made by the party's agent or employee on a matter within the scope of that relationship and while it existed; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000004"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">(E)Was made by the party's coconspirator during and in furtherance of the conspiracy.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal-000005"><span class="s2045480DefaultParagraphFont">The statement must be considered but does not by itself establish the declarant's authority under (C); the existence or scope of the relationship under (D); or the existence of the conspiracy or participation in it under (E).</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045480000006"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045480Normal"><span class="s2045480SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045480SCL-000007"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 801); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-1"><span class="s2045480SCL-000007">19-16-1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045480SCL-000007"> to 19-16-3; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-55), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045481Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045481SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045481CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045481Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045481DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045481Normal-000001 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045481000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045481SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045481SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045481Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-802"><span class="s2045481SENU">19-19-802</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045481SENU">.</span><span class="s2045481CL">Rule against hearsay.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045481Normal-000000"><span class="s2045481DefaultParagraphFont">Hearsay is not admissible unless any of the following provide otherwise:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045481Normal-000001"><span class="s2045481DefaultParagraphFont">(1)A statute;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045481Normal-000001"><span class="s2045481DefaultParagraphFont">(2)These rules; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045481Normal-000001"><span class="s2045481DefaultParagraphFont">(3)Other rules prescribed by the Supreme Court.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045481Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045481000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045481Normal"><span class="s2045481SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045481SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 802); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-4"><span class="s2045481SCL-000003">19-16-4</span></a><span class="s2045481SCL-000003">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-56), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045482Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045482SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045482CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045482Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045482DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045482Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045482Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045482Normal-000004 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045482Normal-000005 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.58in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045482000006 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045482SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045482SCL-000007 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-803"><span class="s2045482SENU">19-19-803</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482SENU">.</span><span class="s2045482CL">Exceptions to the rule against hearsay--Regardless of whether the declarant is available as a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000000"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">The statements described in this section are not excluded by the rule against hearsay, regardless of whether the declarant is available as a witness:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(1)Present sense impression.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement describing or explaining an event or condition, made while or immediately after the declarant perceived it.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(2)Excited utterance.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement relating to a startling event or condition, made while the declarant was under the stress of excitement that it caused.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(3)Then-existing mental, emotional, or physical condition.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement of the declarant's then-existing state of mind (such as motive, intent, or plan) or emotional, sensory, or physical condition (such as mental feeling, pain, or bodily health), but not including a statement of memory or belief to prove the fact remembered or believed unless it relates to the validity or terms of the declarant's will.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(4)Statement made for medical diagnosis or treatment.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement that:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)Is made for--and is reasonably pertinent to--medical diagnosis or treatment; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)Describes medical history; past or present symptoms or sensations; their inception; or their general cause.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(5)Recorded recollection.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A record that:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)Is on a matter the witness once knew about but now cannot recall well enough to testify fully and accurately;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)Was made or adopted by the witness when the matter was fresh in the witness's memory; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(C)Accurately reflects the witness's knowledge. </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000004"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">If admitted, the record may be read into evidence but may be received as an exhibit only if offered by an adverse party.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(6)Records of regularly conducted business activity.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A record of an act, event, condition, opinion, or diagnosis if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)The record was made at or near the time by--or from information transmitted by--someone with knowledge;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)The record was kept in the course of a regularly conducted activity of a business, organization, occupation, or calling, whether or not for profit;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(C)Making the record was a regular practice of that activity;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(D)All these conditions are shown by the testimony of the custodian or another qualified witness, or by a certification that complies with a rule or a statute permitting certification; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(E)The opponent does not show that the source of information or the method or circumstances of preparation indicate a lack of trustworthiness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(7)Absence of a record of a regularly conducted activity.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> Evidence that a matter is not included in a record as described in subdivision (6) if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)The evidence is admitted to prove that the matter did not occur or exist;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)A record was regularly kept for a matter of that kind; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(C)The opponent does not show that the possible source of the information or other circumstances indicate a lack of trustworthiness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(8)Public records.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A record or statement of a public office if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)It sets out:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000005"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(i)The office's activities;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000005"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(ii)A matter observed while under a legal duty to report, but not including, in a criminal case, a matter observed by law-enforcement personnel; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000005"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(iii)In a civil case or against the government in a criminal case, factual findings from a legally authorized investigation; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000005"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482000006"> </span></p></div><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)The opponent does not show that the source of information or other circumstances indicate a lack of trustworthiness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(9)Public records of vital statistics.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A record of a birth, death, or marriage, if reported to a public office in accordance with a legal duty.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(10)Absence of public record.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> Testimony--or a certification under </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-902"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-902</span></a><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">--that a diligent search failed to disclose a public record or statement if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)The testimony or certification is admitted to prove that</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000005"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(i)The record or statement does not exist; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000005"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(ii)A matter did not occur or exist, if a public office regularly kept a record or statement for a matter of that kind; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)In a criminal case, a prosecutor who intends to offer a certification provides written notice of that intent at least 14 days before trial, and the defendant does not object in writing within 7 days of receiving the notice--unless the court sets a different time for the notice or the objection.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(11)Records of religious organizations concerning personal or family history.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement of birth, legitimacy, ancestry, marriage, divorce, death, relationship by blood or marriage, or similar facts of personal or family history, contained in a regularly kept record of a religious organization.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(12)Certificates of marriage, baptism, and similar ceremonies.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement of fact contained in a certificate:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)Made by a person who is authorized by a religious organization or by law to perform the act certified;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)Attesting that the person performed a marriage or similar ceremony or administered a sacrament; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(C)Purporting to have been issued at the time of the act or within a reasonable time after it.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(13)Family records.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement of fact about personal or family history contained in a family record, such as a Bible, genealogy, chart, engraving on a ring, inscription on a portrait, or engraving on an urn or burial marker.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(14)Records of documents that affect an interest in property.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> The record of a document that purports to establish or affect an interest in property if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)The record is admitted to prove the content of the original recorded document, along with its signing and its delivery by each person who purports to have signed it;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)The record is kept in a public office; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(C)A statute authorizes recording documents of that kind in that office.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(15)Statements in documents that affect an interest in property.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement contained in a document that purports to establish or affect an interest in property if the matter stated was relevant to the document's purpose--unless later dealings with the property are inconsistent with the truth of the statement or the purport of the document.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(16)Statements in ancient documents.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement in a document that is at least 20 years old and whose authenticity is established.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(17)Market reports and similar commercial publications.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> Market quotations, lists, directories, or other compilations that are generally relied on by the public or by persons in particular occupations.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(18)Statements in learned treatises, periodicals, or pamphlets.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A statement contained in a treatise, periodical, or pamphlet if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)The statement is called to the attention of an expert witness on cross-examination or relied on by the expert on direct examination; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)The publication is established as a reliable authority by the expert's admission or testimony, by another expert's testimony, or by judicial notice.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482000006"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">If admitted, the statement may be read into evidence but not received as an exhibit.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(19)Reputation concerning personal or family history.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A reputation among a person's family by blood, adoption, or marriage--or among a person's associates or in the community--concerning the person's birth, adoption, legitimacy, ancestry, marriage, divorce, death, relationship by blood, adoption, or marriage, or similar facts of personal or family history.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(20)Reputation concerning boundaries or general history.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A reputation in a community--arising before the controversy--concerning boundaries of land in the community or customs that affect the land, or concerning general historical events important to that community, state, or nation.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(21)Reputation concerning character.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A reputation among a person's associates or in the community concerning the person's character.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(22)Judgment of a previous conviction.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> Evidence of a final judgment of conviction if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)The judgment was entered after a trial or guilty plea, but not a nolo contendere plea;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)The conviction was for a crime punishable by death or by imprisonment for more than a year;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(C)The evidence is admitted to prove any fact essential to the judgment; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(D)When offered by the prosecutor in a criminal case for a purpose other than impeachment, the judgment was against the defendant.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">The pendency of an appeal may be shown but does not affect admissibility.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000001"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(23)Judgments involving personal, family, or general history, or a boundary.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont"> A judgment that is admitted to prove a matter of personal, family, or general history, or boundaries, if the matter:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(A)Was essential to the judgment; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal-000003"><span class="s2045482DefaultParagraphFont">(B)Could be proved by evidence of reputation.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482000006"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045482Normal"><span class="s2045482SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482SCL-000007"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 803); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-5"><span class="s2045482SCL-000007">19-16-5</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482SCL-000007"> to 19-16-8, </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-9"><span class="s2045482SCL-000007">19-16-9</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045482SCL-000007"> to 19-16-27; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-57), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045483Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045483SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045483CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045483Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045483DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045483000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045483SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045483SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045483Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-803.1"><span class="s2045483SENU">19-19-803.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045483SENU">.</span><span class="s2045483CL">Physician's written report in lieu of deposition or in-court testimony admissible.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045483Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045483DefaultParagraphFont">A report submitted by a party pursuant to </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-803.2"><span class="s2045483DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-803.2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045483DefaultParagraphFont"> is not excluded by </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-802"><span class="s2045483DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-802</span></a><span class="s2045483DefaultParagraphFont">, even though the physician is available as a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045483Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045483000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045483Normal"><span class="s2045483SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045483SCL-000002"> SL 1984, ch 363 (Supreme Court Rule 84-9); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-8.1"><span class="s2045483SCL-000002">19-16-8.1</span></a><span class="s2045483SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045484Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045484SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045484CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045484Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045484DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045484Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045484000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045484SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045484SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045484Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-803.2"><span class="s2045484SENU">19-19-803.2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045484SENU">.</span><span class="s2045484CL">Physician's written report--Affidavit--Notice--Objection.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045484Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045484DefaultParagraphFont">In personal injury and wrongful death cases if the prayer for relief does not exceed seventy-five thousand dollars and in worker's compensation proceedings, the written report of any practitioner of the healing arts as defined in chapter </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=36-2"><span class="s2045484DefaultParagraphFont">36-2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045484DefaultParagraphFont"> may be used for all purposes in lieu of deposition or in-court testimony of such practitioner of the healing arts provided that the report so offered into evidence has attached to it an affidavit signed by the practitioner of the healing arts issuing such report which verifies that the report constitutes all of his report, and that if called upon to testify he would testify to the same facts, observations, conclusions, opinions, and other matters as set forth in such report with reasonable medical probability. The affidavit shall include or incorporate an attached exhibit by reference the qualifications of the practitioner of the healing arts whose report is being offered.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045484Normal-000001"><span class="s2045484DefaultParagraphFont">The report is not admissible unless the party offering it gives notice to all other parties of his intention to offer such report at least thirty days in advance of trial. Such notice shall be given to all parties together with a copy of any reports which are intended to be offered.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045484Normal-000001"><span class="s2045484DefaultParagraphFont">Any party may object to the receipt into evidence at trial of such report or any portion thereof on any legal ground other than hearsay. Nothing in this section restricts any party from deposing the practitioner of the healing arts whose report is sought to be offered or otherwise conducting discovery or calling such practitioner as a witness at trial.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045484Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045484000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045484Normal"><span class="s2045484SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045484SCL-000003"> SL 1984, ch 355 (Supreme Court Rule 84-1); SL 1990, ch 153; SL 1998, ch 331; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-8.2"><span class="s2045484SCL-000003">19-16-8.2</span></a><span class="s2045484SCL-000003">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045485Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045485SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045485CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045485Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045485DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045485Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045485Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045485Normal-000004 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045485000005 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045485SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045485SCL-000006 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-804"><span class="s2045485SENU">19-19-804</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045485SENU">.</span><span class="s2045485CL">Exceptions to rule against hearsay--When declarant unavailable as witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000000"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont">(a) Criteria for being unavailable.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> A declarant is considered to be unavailable as a witness if the declarant:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Is exempted from testifying about the subject matter of the declarant's statement because the court rules that a privilege applies;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Refuses to testify about the subject matter despite a court order to do so;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)Testifies to not remembering the subject matter;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(4)Cannot be present or testify at the trial or hearing because of death or a then-existing infirmity, physical illness, or mental illness; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(5)Is absent from the trial or hearing and the statement's proponent has not been able, by process or other reasonable means, to procure:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000003"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)The declarant's attendance, in the case of a hearsay exception under subdivision (b)(1); or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000003"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)The declarant's attendance or testimony, in the case of a hearsay exception under subdivision (b)(2),(3), or (4).</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000004"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">But this subdivision (a) does not apply if the statement's proponent procured or wrongfully caused the declarant's unavailability as a witness in order to prevent the declarant from attending or testifying.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000004"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Exceptions.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The following are not excluded by the rule against hearsay if the declarant is unavailable as a witness:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Former testimony. Testimony that:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000003"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)Was given as a witness at a trial, hearing, or lawful deposition, whether given during the current proceeding or a different one; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000003"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)Is now offered against a party who had--or, in a civil case, whose predecessor in interest had--an opportunity and similar motive to develop it by direct, cross-, or redirect examination.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Statement under the belief of imminent death. In a prosecution for homicide or in a civil case, a statement that the declarant, while believing the declarant's death to be imminent, made about its cause or circumstances.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)Statement against interest. A statement that:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000003"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)A reasonable person in the declarant's position would have made only if the person believed it to be true because, when made, it was so contrary to the declarant's proprietary or pecuniary interest or had so great a tendency to invalidate the declarant's claim against someone else or to expose the declarant to civil or criminal liability; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000003"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)Is supported by corroborating circumstances that clearly indicate its trustworthiness, if it is offered in a criminal case as one that tends to expose the declarant to criminal liability.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(4)Statement of personal or family history. A statement about:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000003"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)The declarant's own birth, adoption, legitimacy, ancestry, marriage, divorce, relationship by blood, adoption, or marriage, or similar facts of personal or family history, even though the declarant had no way of acquiring personal knowledge about that fact; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000003"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)Another person concerning any of these facts, as well as death, if the declarant was related to the person by blood, adoption, or marriage or was so intimately associated with the person's family that the declarant's information is likely to be accurate.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000003"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045485000005"> </span></p></div><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(5)Decedent's statements. In actions, suits, or proceedings by or against the representatives of deceased persons including proceedings for the probate of wills, any statement of the deceased whether oral or written shall not be excluded as hearsay, provided that the trial judge shall first find as a fact that the statement was made by decedent, and that it was in good faith and on decedent's personal knowledge.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal-000002"><span class="s2045485DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(6)Statement offered against a party that wrongfully caused the declarant's unavailability. A statement offered against a party that wrongfully caused--or acquiesced in wrongfully causing--the declarant's unavailability as a witness, and did so intending that result.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045485000005"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045485Normal"><span class="s2045485SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045485SCL-000006"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 804); SL 1979, ch 149, 5; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-29"><span class="s2045485SCL-000006">19-16-29</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045485SCL-000006"> to 19-16-34; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-58), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045486Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045486SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045486CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045486Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045486DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045486000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045486SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045486SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045486Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-805"><span class="s2045486SENU">19-19-805</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045486SENU">.</span><span class="s2045486CL">Hearsay within hearsay.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045486Normal-000000"><span class="s2045486DefaultParagraphFont">Hearsay within hearsay is not excluded by the rule against hearsay if each part of the combined statements conforms with an exception to the rule.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045486Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045486000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045486Normal"><span class="s2045486SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045486SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 805); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-36"><span class="s2045486SCL-000002">19-16-36</span></a><span class="s2045486SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-59), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045487Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045487SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045487CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045487Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045487DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045487000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045487SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045487SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045487Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-806"><span class="s2045487SENU">19-19-806</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045487SENU">.</span><span class="s2045487CL">Attacking and supporting the declarant.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045487Normal-000000"><span class="s2045487DefaultParagraphFont">When a hearsay statement--or a statement described in subdivision 19-19-801(d)(2)(C), (D), or (E)--has been admitted in evidence, the declarant's credibility may be attacked, and then supported, by any evidence that would be admissible for those purposes if the declarant had testified as a witness. The court may admit evidence of the declarant's inconsistent statement or conduct, regardless of when it occurred or whether the declarant had an opportunity to explain or deny it. If the party against whom the statement was admitted calls the declarant as a witness, the party may examine the declarant on the statement as if on cross-examination.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045487Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045487000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045487Normal"><span class="s2045487SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045487SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 806); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-37"><span class="s2045487SCL-000002">19-16-37</span></a><span class="s2045487SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-60), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045488Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045488SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045488CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045488Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045488DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045488Normal-000001 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045488Normal-000002 { margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045488Normal-000003 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045488000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045488SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045488SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045488Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-806.1"><span class="s2045488SENU">19-19-806.1</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045488SENU">.</span><span class="s2045488CL">Statement by child under age thirteen or child with developmental disability regarding sex crime, physical abuse, or neglect.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045488Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">A statement made by a child under the age of thirteen, or by a child thirteen years of age or older who is developmentally disabled as defined in </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=27B-1-18"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">27B-1-18</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">, describing any act of sexual contact or rape performed with or on the child by another, or describing any act of physical abuse or neglect of the child by another, or any act of physical abuse or neglect of another child observed by the child making the statement, not otherwise admissible by statute or court rule, is admissible in evidence in criminal proceedings against the defendant or in any proceeding under chapters </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=26-7A"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">26-7A</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">, </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=26-8A"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">26-8A</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">, </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=26-8B"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">26-8B</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">, and </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=26-8C"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">26-8C</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont"> in the courts of this state if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045488Normal-000001"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">(1)The court finds, in a hearing conducted outside the presence of the jury, that the time, content, and circumstances of the statement provide sufficient indicia of reliability; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045488Normal-000001"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">(2)The child either:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045488Normal-000002"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">(a)Testifies at the proceedings; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045488Normal-000002"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">(b)Is unavailable as a witness.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045488Normal-000003"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">However, if the child is unavailable as a witness, such statement may be admitted only if there is corroborative evidence of the act.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045488Normal-000003"><span class="s2045488DefaultParagraphFont">No statement may be admitted under this section unless the proponent of the statement makes known the proponent's intention to offer the statement and the particulars of it, including the name and address of the declarant to the adverse party sufficiently in advance of the trial or hearing to provide the adverse party with a fair opportunity to prepare to meet the statement.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045488Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045488000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045488Normal"><span class="s2045488SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045488SCL-000005"> SL 1984, ch 155; SL 1985, ch 166; SL 1987, ch 157; SL 1992, ch 154, 2; SL 2009, ch 107, 1; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-38"><span class="s2045488SCL-000005">19-16-38</span></a><span class="s2045488SCL-000005">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045489Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045489SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045489CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045489Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045489DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045489Normal-000001 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045489Normal-000002 { margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } p.s2045489Normal-000003 { text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045489000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045489SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045489SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-806.2"><span class="s2045489SENU">19-19-806.2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045489SENU">.</span><span class="s2045489CL">Statements alleging child abuse or neglect.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal-000000"><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">An out-of-court statement not otherwise admissible by statute or rule of evidence is admissible in evidence in any civil proceeding alleging child abuse or neglect or any proceeding for termination of parental rights if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal-000001"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">(1)The statement was made by a child under the age of thirteen years or by a child thirteen years of age or older who is developmentally disabled, as defined in </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=27B-1-18"><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">27B-1-18</span></a><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal-000001"><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">(2)The statement alleges, explains, denies, or describes:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal-000002"><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">(a)Any act of sexual penetration or contact performed with or on the child;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal-000002"><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">(b)Any act of sexual penetration or contact with or on another child observed by the child making the statement;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal-000002"><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">(c)Any act of physical abuse or neglect of the child by another; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal-000002"><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">(d)Any act of physical abuse or neglect of another child observed by the child making the statement;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal-000001"><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">(3)The court finds that the time, content, and circumstances of the statement and the reliability of the person to whom the statement is made provide sufficient indicia of reliability; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal-000001"><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">(4)The proponent of the statement notifies other parties of an intent to offer the statement and the particulars of the statement sufficiently in advance of the proceeding at which the proponent intends to offer the statement into evidence, to provide the parties with a fair opportunity to meet the statement.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal-000003"><span class="s2045489DefaultParagraphFont">For purposes of this section, an out-of-court statement includes a video, audio, or other recorded statement.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045489000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045489Normal"><span class="s2045489SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045489SCL-000005"> SL 1992, ch 154, 1; SL 2011, ch 110, 1; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-16-39"><span class="s2045489SCL-000005">19-16-39</span></a><span class="s2045489SCL-000005">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en-US"><head><meta charset="UTF-8"><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML"><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2085301Normal { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2085301SENU { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2085301SENU-000000 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2085301CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2085301Normal-000001 { margin-bottom: 7.5pt; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2085301DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2085301DefaultParagraphFont-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2085301000003 { margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.50in; margin-right: 0.50in; text-indent: -0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; } span.s2085301000004 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; display: inline-block; text-indent: 0; width: 0.250in; } p.s2085301000005 { margin-bottom: 7.5pt; margin-left: 0.50in; margin-right: 0.50in; text-indent: -0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; } p.s2085301Normal-000006 { margin-bottom: 7.5pt; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; background: #FFFFFF; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2085301000007 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2085301NoIndent { text-indent: 0.00in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2085301SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"><meta name="twitter:card" content="summary"><meta property="og:title" content="SD 19-19-807 - Residual exception."><meta property="og:description" content="SDLRC Codified Law 19-19-807 - Residual exception."><meta property="og:type" content="website"><meta property="og:url" content="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-807"><meta property="og:image" content="https://lawmakerdocuments.blob.core.usgovcloudapi.net/photos/logoshape.webp"><meta property="og:site_name" content="South Dakota Legislature"></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2085301Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-807" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085301SENU"></span><span class="s2085301SENU"></span><span class="s2085301SENU"></span><span class="s2085301SENU-000000">19-19-807</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085301SENU-000000">. </span><span class="s2085301CL">Residual exception.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085301Normal-000001"><span class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont">(a) In general.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont-000002"> Under the following conditions, a hearsay statement is not excluded by the rule against hearsay even if the statement is not admissible under a hearsay exception in </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-803" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont-000002">19-19-803</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont-000002"> or </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes?Statute=19-19-804" rel="noopener"><span class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont-000002">19-19-804</span></a><span class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont-000002">.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085301000003"><span class="s2085301000004">(1)</span><span class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont-000002">The statement is supported by sufficient guarantees of trustworthiness--after considering the totality of circumstances under which it was made and evidence, if any, corroborating the statement; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085301000005"><span class="s2085301000004">(2)</span><span class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont-000002">It is more probative on the point for which it is offered than any other evidence that the proponent can obtain through reasonable efforts.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085301Normal-000006"><span class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Notice.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont-000002"> The statement is admissible only if the proponent gives an adverse party reasonable notice of the intent to offer the statement--including its substance and the declarant's name--so that the party has a fair opportunity to meet it. The notice must be provided in writing before the trial or hearing--or in any form during the trial or hearing if the court, for good cause, excuses a lack of earlier notice.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085301Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085301000007"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2085301NoIndent"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2085301DefaultParagraphFont">Source: </span><span class="s2085301SCL">SL 2011, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 10-15); SDCL 19-16-40; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-61), eff. Jan. 1, 2016; SL 2022, ch 252 (Supreme Court Rule 21-11), eff. Jan. 1, 2022.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045491Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045491SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045491CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045491Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045491DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045491Normal-000002 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045491Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } p.s2045491Normal-000004 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045491000005 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045491SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045491SCL-000006 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-901"><span class="s2045491SENU">19-19-901</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045491SENU">.</span><span class="s2045491CL">Authenticating or identifying evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000000"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont">(a) In general.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> To satisfy the requirement of authenticating or identifying an item of evidence, the proponent must produce evidence sufficient to support a finding that the item is what the proponent claims it is.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000002"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont">(b) Examples.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001"> The following are examples only--not a complete list--of evidence that satisfies the requirement:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000003"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(1)Testimony of a witness with knowledge. Testimony that an item is what it is claimed to be.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000003"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(2)Nonexpert opinion about handwriting. A nonexpert's opinion that handwriting is genuine, based on a familiarity with it that was not acquired for the current litigation.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000003"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(3)Comparison by an expert witness or the trier of fact. A comparison with an authenticated specimen by an expert witness or the trier of fact.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000003"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(4)Distinctive characteristics and the like. The appearance, contents, substance, internal patterns, or other distinctive characteristics of the item, taken together with all the circumstances.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000003"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(5)Opinion about a voice. An opinion identifying a person's voice--whether heard firsthand or through mechanical or electronic transmission or recording--based on hearing the voice at any time under circumstances that connect it with the alleged speaker.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000003"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(6)Evidence about a telephone conversation. For a telephone conversation, evidence that a call was made to the number assigned at the time to:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000004"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)A particular person, if circumstances, including self-identification, show that the person answering was the one called; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000004"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)A particular business, if the call was made to a business and the call related to business reasonably transacted over the telephone.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000003"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(7)Evidence about public records. Evidence that:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000004"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)A document was recorded or filed in a public office as authorized by law; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000004"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)A purported public record or statement is from the office where items of this kind are kept.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000003"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(8)Evidence about ancient documents or data compilations. For a document or data compilation, evidence that it:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000004"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(A)Is in a condition that creates no suspicion about its authenticity;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000004"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(B)Was in a place where, if authentic, it would likely be; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000004"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(C)Is at least 20 years old when offered.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000003"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(9)Evidence about a process or system. Evidence describing a process or system and showing that it produces an accurate result.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal-000003"><span class="s2045491DefaultParagraphFont-000001">(10)Methods provided by a statute or rule. Any method of authentication or identification allowed by a state statute or a rule prescribed by the Supreme Court.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045491000005"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045491Normal"><span class="s2045491SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045491SCL-000006"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 901); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-17-1"><span class="s2045491SCL-000006">19-17-1</span></a><span class="s2045491SCL-000006">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-62), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045492Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045492SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045492CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045492Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045492DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045492Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045492Normal-000003 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 1.14in; text-indent: -0.44in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045492000004 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045492SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045492SCL-000005 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-902"><span class="s2045492SENU">19-19-902</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492SENU">.</span><span class="s2045492CL">Evidence that is self-authenticating.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000000"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont">The following items of evidence are self-authenticating. They require no extrinsic evidence of authenticity in order to be admitted.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(1)Domestic public documents that are sealed and signed.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> A document that bears:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000003"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont">(A)A seal purporting to be that of the United States; any state, district, commonwealth, territory, or insular possession of the United States; the former Panama Canal Zone; the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; a political subdivision of any of these entities; or a department, agency, or officer of any entity named above; and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000003"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont">(B)A signature purporting to be an execution or attestation.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(2)Domestic public documents that are not sealed but are signed and certified.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> A document that bears no seal if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000003"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont">(A)It bears the signature of an officer or employee of an entity named in subdivision (1)(A); and</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000003"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont">(B)Another public officer who has a seal and official duties within that same entity certifies under seal--or its equivalent--that the signer has the official capacity and that the signature is genuine.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(3)Foreign public documents.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> A document that purports to be signed or attested by a person who is authorized by a foreign country's law to do so. The document must be accompanied by a final certification that certifies the genuineness of the signature and official position of the signer or attester--or of any foreign official whose certificate of genuineness relates to the signature or attestation or is in a chain of certificates of genuineness relating to the signature or attestation. The certification may be made by a secretary of a United States embassy or legation; by a consul general, vice consul, or consular agent of the United States; or by a diplomatic or consular official of the foreign country assigned or accredited to the United States. If all parties have been given a reasonable opportunity to investigate the document's authenticity and accuracy, the court may, for good cause, either:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000003"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont">(A)Order that it be treated as presumptively authentic without final certification; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000003"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont">(B)Allow it to be evidenced by an attested summary with or without final certification.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(4)Certified copies of public records.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> A copy of an official record--or a copy of a document that was recorded or filed in a public office as authorized by law--if the copy is certified as correct by:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000003"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont">(A)The custodian or another person authorized to make the certification; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000003"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont">(B)A certificate that complies with subdivision (1), (2) or (3), inclusive, or complying with any law of the United States or state thereof.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(5)Official publications.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> A book, pamphlet, or other publication purporting to be issued by a public authority.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(6)Newspapers and periodicals.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> Printed material purporting to be a newspaper or periodical.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(7)Trade inscriptions and the like.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> An inscription, sign, tag, or label purporting to have been affixed in the course of business and indicating origin, ownership, or control.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(8)Acknowledged documents.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> A document accompanied by a certificate of acknowledgement that is lawfully executed by a notary public or another officer who is authorized to take acknowledgements.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(9)Commercial paper and related documents.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> Commercial paper, a signature on it, and related documents, to the extent allowed by general commercial law.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(10)Presumptions under a statute.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> A signature, document, or anything else that a statute of this state declares to be presumptively or prima facie genuine or authentic.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492000004"> </span></p></div><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(11)Certified domestic records of a regularly conducted activity.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> The original or copy of a domestic record that meets the requirements of subdivision 19-19-803(6)(A)-(C) as shown by a certification of the custodian or another qualified person that complies with a statute or a rule prescribed by the Supreme Court. Before the trial or hearing, the proponent must give an adverse party reasonable written notice of the intent to offer the record--and must make the record and certification available for inspection--so that the party has a fair opportunity to challenge them.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal-000001"><span class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont-000002">(12)Certified foreign records of a regularly conducted activity.</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492DefaultParagraphFont"> In a civil case, the original or copy of a foreign record that meets the requirements of subdivision (11), modified as follows: the certification, rather than complying with a statute or Supreme Court rule, must be signed in a manner that, if falsely made, would subject the maker to a criminal penalty in the country where the certification is signed. The proponent must also meet the notice requirements of subdivision (11).</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492000004"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045492Normal"><span class="s2045492SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492SCL-000005"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 902); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-17-2"><span class="s2045492SCL-000005">19-17-2</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045492SCL-000005"> to 19-17-11; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-63), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045493Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045493SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045493CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045493Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045493DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045493000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045493SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045493SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045493Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-903"><span class="s2045493SENU">19-19-903</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045493SENU">.</span><span class="s2045493CL">Subscribing witnesses.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045493Normal-000000"><span class="s2045493DefaultParagraphFont">A subscribing witness's testimony is necessary to authenticate a writing only if required by the law of the jurisdiction that governs its validity.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045493Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045493000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045493Normal"><span class="s2045493SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045493SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 903); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-17-12"><span class="s2045493SCL-000002">19-17-12</span></a><span class="s2045493SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-64), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045494Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045494SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045494CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045494Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045494DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045494Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.25in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045494000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045494SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045494SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045494Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1001"><span class="s2045494SENU">19-19-1001</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045494SENU">.</span><span class="s2045494CL">Definitions that apply to this article.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045494Normal-000000"><span class="s2045494DefaultParagraphFont">(a) A "writing" consists of letters, words, numbers, or their equivalent set down in any form.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045494Normal-000001"><span class="s2045494DefaultParagraphFont">(b) A "recording" consists of letters, words, numbers, or their equivalent recorded in any manner.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045494Normal-000001"><span class="s2045494DefaultParagraphFont">(c) A "photograph" means a photographic image or its equivalent stored in any form.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045494Normal-000001"><span class="s2045494DefaultParagraphFont">(d) An "original" of a writing or recording means the writing or recording itself or any counterpart intended to have the same effect by the person who executed or issued it. For electronically stored information, "original" means any printout--or other output readable by sight--if it accurately reflects the information. An "original" of a photograph includes the negative or a print from it.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045494Normal-000001"><span class="s2045494DefaultParagraphFont">(e) A "duplicate" means a counterpart produced by a mechanical, photographic, chemical, electronic, or other equivalent process or technique that accurately reproduces the original.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045494Normal-000001"><span class="s2045494DefaultParagraphFont">(f) "TDD," or "TTY," any auxiliary aids or services consisting of assistive listening or transcription systems which allow the reception or transmission of aurally delivered communication and materials for the benefit of individuals with hearing, speech, or physical impairments.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045494Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045494000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045494Normal"><span class="s2045494SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045494SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 1001); SL 1993, ch 168, 1; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-18-1"><span class="s2045494SCL-000003">19-18-1</span></a><span class="s2045494SCL-000003">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-65), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045495Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045495SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045495CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045495Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045495DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045495000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045495SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045495SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045495Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1002"><span class="s2045495SENU">19-19-1002</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045495SENU">.</span><span class="s2045495CL">Requirement of the original.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045495Normal-000000"><span class="s2045495DefaultParagraphFont">An original writing, recording, or photograph is required in order to prove its content unless this chapter or rules adopted by the Supreme Court of this state, or a state statute provides otherwise.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045495Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045495000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045495Normal"><span class="s2045495SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045495SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 1002); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-18-2"><span class="s2045495SCL-000002">19-18-2</span></a><span class="s2045495SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-66), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045496Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045496SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045496CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045496Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045496DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045496000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045496SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045496SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045496Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1003"><span class="s2045496SENU">19-19-1003</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045496SENU">.</span><span class="s2045496CL">Admissibility of duplicates.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045496Normal-000000"><span class="s2045496DefaultParagraphFont">A duplicate is admissible to the same extent as the original unless a genuine question is raised about the original's authenticity or the circumstances make it unfair to admit the duplicate.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045496Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045496000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045496Normal"><span class="s2045496SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045496SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 1003); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-18-3"><span class="s2045496SCL-000002">19-18-3</span></a><span class="s2045496SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-67), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045497Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045497SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045497CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045497Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045497DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045497Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045497000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045497SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045497SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045497Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1004"><span class="s2045497SENU">19-19-1004</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045497SENU">.</span><span class="s2045497CL">Admissibility of other evidence of content.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045497Normal-000000"><span class="s2045497DefaultParagraphFont">An original is not required and other evidence of the content of a writing, recording, or photograph is admissible if:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045497Normal-000001"><span class="s2045497DefaultParagraphFont">(a)All the originals are lost or destroyed, and not by the proponent acting in bad faith;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045497Normal-000001"><span class="s2045497DefaultParagraphFont">(b)An original cannot be obtained by any available judicial process;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045497Normal-000001"><span class="s2045497DefaultParagraphFont">(c)The party against whom the original would be offered had control of the original; was at that time put on notice, by pleadings or otherwise, that the original would be a subject of proof at the trial or hearing; and fails to produce it at the trial or hearing; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045497Normal-000001"><span class="s2045497DefaultParagraphFont">(d)The writing, recording, or photograph is not closely related to a controlling issue.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045497Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045497000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045497Normal"><span class="s2045497SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045497SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 1004); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-18-4"><span class="s2045497SCL-000003">19-18-4</span></a><span class="s2045497SCL-000003">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-68), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045498Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045498SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045498CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045498Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045498DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045498000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045498SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045498SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045498Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1005"><span class="s2045498SENU">19-19-1005</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045498SENU">.</span><span class="s2045498CL">Copies of public records to prove content.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045498Normal-000000"><span class="s2045498DefaultParagraphFont">The proponent may use a copy to prove the content of an official record--or of a document that was recorded or filed in a public office as authorized by law--if these conditions are met: the record or document is otherwise admissible; and the copy is certified as correct in accordance with subdivision 19-19-902(4) or is testified to be correct by a witness who has compared it with the original. If no such copy can be obtained by reasonable diligence, then the proponent may use other evidence to prove the content.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045498Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045498000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045498Normal"><span class="s2045498SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045498SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 1005); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-18-5"><span class="s2045498SCL-000002">19-18-5</span></a><span class="s2045498SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-69), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045499Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045499SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045499CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045499Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045499DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045499000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045499SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045499SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045499Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1006"><span class="s2045499SENU">19-19-1006</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045499SENU">.</span><span class="s2045499CL">Summaries to prove content.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045499Normal-000000"><span class="s2045499DefaultParagraphFont">The proponent may use a summary, chart, or calculation to prove the content of voluminous writings, recordings, or photographs that cannot be conveniently examined in court. The proponent must make the originals or duplicates available for examination or copying, or both, by other parties at a reasonable time and place. And the court may order the proponent to produce them in court.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045499Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045499000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045499Normal"><span class="s2045499SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045499SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 1006); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-18-6"><span class="s2045499SCL-000002">19-18-6</span></a><span class="s2045499SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-70), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045500Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045500SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045500CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045500Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045500DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045500000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045500SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045500SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045500Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1007"><span class="s2045500SENU">19-19-1007</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045500SENU">.</span><span class="s2045500CL">Testimony or statement of a party to prove content.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045500Normal-000000"><span class="s2045500DefaultParagraphFont">The proponent may prove the content of a writing, recording, or photograph by the testimony, deposition, or written statement of the party against whom the evidence is offered. The proponent need not account for the original.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045500Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045500000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045500Normal"><span class="s2045500SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045500SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 1007); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-18-7"><span class="s2045500SCL-000002">19-18-7</span></a><span class="s2045500SCL-000002">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-71), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045501Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045501SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045501CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045501Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045501DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045501Normal-000001 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045501000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045501SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045501SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045501Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1008"><span class="s2045501SENU">19-19-1008</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045501SENU">.</span><span class="s2045501CL">Functions of the court and jury.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045501Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045501DefaultParagraphFont">Ordinarily, the court determines whether the proponent has fulfilled the factual conditions for admitting other evidence of the content of a writing, recording, or photograph under </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1004"><span class="s2045501DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1004</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045501DefaultParagraphFont"> or </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1005"><span class="s2045501DefaultParagraphFont">19-19-1005</span></a><span class="s2045501DefaultParagraphFont">. But in a jury trial, the jury determines--in accordance with subdivision 19-19-104(b)--any issue about whether:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045501Normal-000001"><span class="s2045501DefaultParagraphFont">(a)An asserted writing, recording, or photograph ever existed;</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045501Normal-000001"><span class="s2045501DefaultParagraphFont">(b)Another one produced at the trial or hearing is the original; or</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045501Normal-000001"><span class="s2045501DefaultParagraphFont">(c)Other evidence of content accurately reflects the content.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045501Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045501000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045501Normal"><span class="s2045501SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045501SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 1008); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-18-8"><span class="s2045501SCL-000003">19-18-8</span></a><span class="s2045501SCL-000003">; SL 2016, ch 239 (Supreme Court Rule 15-72), eff. Jan. 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045502Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045502SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045502CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045502Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045502DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045502000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045502SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045502SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045502Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1009"><span class="s2045502SENU">19-19-1009</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045502SENU">.</span><span class="s2045502CL">TDD and TTY communications inadmissible as evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045502Normal-000000"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045502DefaultParagraphFont">The writings or tapes resulting from any communication directly or indirectly through TDD or TTY are inadmissible as evidence of those communications in any court of law, legal proceeding, or administrative hearing. This section does not preclude the interception of wire communications pursuant to lawful court order pursuant to chapter </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=23A-35A"><span class="s2045502DefaultParagraphFont">23A-35A</span></a><span class="s2045502DefaultParagraphFont">.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045502Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045502000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045502Normal"><span class="s2045502SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045502SCL-000002"> SL 1983, ch 168, 2; SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-18-9"><span class="s2045502SCL-000002">19-18-9</span></a><span class="s2045502SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045503Normal { text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045503SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045503CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045503Normal-000000 { text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045503DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045503Normal-000001 { margin-left: 0.70in; text-indent: -0.45in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-top: 0; margin-right: 0; margin-bottom: .001pt; } span.s2045503000002 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045503SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045503SCL-000003 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1101"><span class="s2045503SENU">19-19-1101</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045503SENU">.</span><span class="s2045503CL">Applicability of chapter.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal-000000"><span class="s2045503DefaultParagraphFont">Except as otherwise provided in this section, this chapter applies to all actions and proceedings in the courts of this state. This chapter other than those sections with respect to privileges does not apply in the following situations:</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal-000001"><span class="s2045503DefaultParagraphFont">(1)The determination of questions of fact preliminary to admissibility of evidence when the issue is to be determined by the court under subdivision 19-19-104(a).</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal-000001"><span class="s2045503DefaultParagraphFont">(2)Small claims court proceedings.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal-000001"><span class="s2045503DefaultParagraphFont">(3)Proceedings for extradition or rendition.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal-000001"><span class="s2045503DefaultParagraphFont">(4)Sentencing, or granting or revoking probation.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal-000001"><span class="s2045503DefaultParagraphFont">(5)Issuance of warrants for arrest, criminal summonses, and search warrants.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal-000001"><span class="s2045503DefaultParagraphFont">(6)Proceedings with respect to release on bail or otherwise.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal-000001"><span class="s2045503DefaultParagraphFont">(7)Disposition hearings, temporary custody hearings and other hearings other than adjudicatory hearings in juvenile court.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal-000001"><span class="s2045503DefaultParagraphFont">(8)Contempt proceedings in which the court may act summarily.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045503000002"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045503Normal"><span class="s2045503SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045503SCL-000003"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 1101); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-9-14"><span class="s2045503SCL-000003">19-9-14</span></a><span class="s2045503SCL-000003">; SL 2016, ch 245 (Supreme Court Rule 16-06), eff. July 1, 2016.</span></p></div></body></html><br /><hr><br /><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="UTF-8" /><meta http-equiv='content-language' content='en-us'/><title>SDLRC - Codified Law 19-19 - SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE</title><meta name="Generator" content="PowerTools for Open XML" /><style>span { white-space: pre-wrap; } p.s2045504Normal { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045504SENU { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045504CL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } p.s2045504Normal-000000 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; text-indent: 0.50in; text-align: justify; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 108%; margin-left: 0; margin-right: 0; } span.s2045504DefaultParagraphFont { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045504000001 { font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045504SCL { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; } span.s2045504SCL-000002 { font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'serif'; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin: 0; padding: 0; } body { text-decoration-skip-ink: none; } </style></head><body><div><p dir="ltr" class="s2045504Normal"><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-19-1102"><span class="s2045504SENU">19-19-1102</span></a><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045504SENU">.</span><span class="s2045504CL">Title.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045504Normal-000000"><span class="s2045504DefaultParagraphFont">This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the South Dakota Rules of Evidence.</span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045504Normal"><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045504000001"> </span></p><p dir="ltr" class="s2045504Normal"><span class="s2045504SCL">Source:</span><span xml:space="preserve" class="s2045504SCL-000002"> SL 1979, ch 358 (Supreme Court Rule 78-2, Rule 1102); SDCL </span><a href="https://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&amp;Statute=19-9-15"><span class="s2045504SCL-000002">19-9-15</span></a><span class="s2045504SCL-000002">.</span></p></div></body></html>